Talk Given by Anil Kumar to
Teachers in Bangalore
January 4th, 2003
OM… OM… OM…
Distinguished Members on the Dais,
Dear Fellow Devotees and Guests:
“THEY WANT YOU”
I am extremely grateful to Bhagavan for giving me this opportunity
to participate in this conference. It is indeed very kind of the
organisers, Mrs. Kamala Padmanabhan, Mrs. Sucharita and all their
associates for thinking of me and giving me the privilege of being
associated with the seminar.
Bhagavan said, “They want you. They want you to come and talk.”
That’s what He said - but it was unclear. Did Bhagavan want me to
go, or not?
Bhagavan tells me, “They want you.”
How dare I ask, “Do You want me to go?”
“To be or not to be” is a question in a Shakespearean play, and
that was the question for my life on that day. Well, I could not
So I said, “Swami, what are the dates?”
Bhagavan said, “The 28th and 29th.”
Then I prayerfully thought, “This is the best opportunity to get
permission for my other personal work, because Swami-kaaryamu,
swakaaryamu, (deeds for Swami, deeds for self) could be both
done at the same time.”
I said, “Bhagavan, I have a marriage function at Guntur on the
27th, which I must attend because my absence would lead to
misunderstanding and displeasure.”
Then Bhagavan immediately said, “All right, all right. It is up to
you, Bangaru (Golden One – a term of endearment). Nee
convenience choochuko. Nee anukoolamu chuchuko.
Danidemundi. Idi the 28th - 29th.”
This happens to be the 28th and 29th. Was He indirectly suggesting
that since the wedding function was on the 27th, what would I be
doing on the 28th and 29th? Well, that’s how I took it.
Then I said, “Swami, as the wedding is at night on the 27th, I
won’t be able to reach the conference on time on the 28th. So I
will leave there (Guntur) on the 28th, and attend the function on
the second day.”
“Manchidi, manchidi, nuvvu chuchuko.”
The next day, Bhagavan told the organisers about my commitment on
the 27th, but that I would attend the conference.
This is how the Will of Bhagavan brought me here and blessed me
with the opportunity to be in your midst. What greater joy can I
expect? Could there ever be more in one’s own lifetime?
THE TOPIC IS: “VISION OF SRI SATHYA SAI EDUCARE”
I have been given the topic “Vision of Sri Sathya Sai Educare”,
about which much has been written. I will limit myself to the
topic proper. Having been a teacher for four decades, I cannot
afford to digress, divert or stray away from the topic given to
I would, however, like to divide my talk into three parts. The
first part is the organisational aspect. The second part shows the
difference between education and Educare. And the third part is
about the task ahead of us, and how to go about it. These are the
three components in my talk this morning.
THE EDUCATION WING IS THE FRUITION OF THE SERVICE AND SPIRITUAL
First, let me talk to you about the organisational aspect. My
friends, all of you know that there are three wings in Sathya Sai
Seva Organisation. The first wing is the service wing. The service
wing is where we render service with the body. “Bend the body.”
Unless we serve humanity, we can never learn to be humble; we can
never experience Divinity. So, the first wing of this organisation
is the service wing, which is service-oriented, service-centred,
and service-based. We call this karma yoga (the path of activity,
which strengthens and purifies devotion to God).
The service wing takes us to the next wing of the organisation,
which we call the spiritual wing. It comprises bhajan mandali
(spiritual congregations), nagarsankirtan (group
singing of spiritual songs along the streets early morning), and
all other spiritual activities. They all come under the spiritual
wing, which represents bhakthi yoga (the devotional path of
Love for God).
Karma takes you to bhakthi. Bhakthi is meaningless
without karma. Karma is aimless without bhakthi.
Karma and Bhakthi are the obverse and reverse of the
same coin. They go together. If one does service without bhakthi,
it is useless, mechanical, routine, monotonous, laborious, boring.
If there is only spirituality without the service wing, it is like
a platform lecture, only words, jargon; it is bogus,
So the spiritual wing will have its foundation in the service
wing. The service wing will have its fulfilment in the spiritual
wing. These two will take us to the third wing of the Sai
Organisation, which we call the education wing. This is jnana
yoga, the path of wisdom to God.
Jnana yoga is the fruit and essence of the Sathya Sai
Organisation. This education wing is the brilliance, the radiance,
the light and the delight of the Sri Sathya Sai Organisation. This
wing is the very life breath of the Sathya Sai Organisation,
without which the other two are lifeless, futile exercises.
WE ARE PRIVILEGED TO BE TEACHERS
We are all lucky to have been involved in the education wing of
the Sathya Sai Organisation. We, the teachers, are privileged to
be teachers. First of all, we should feel proud of our profession.
Why? It is because our greatness, our richness, and our property
are not counted in terms of coins and money. Our property is
counted in terms of the appreciation, the adoration, the
dedication, the commitment, and the compliments that we receive
from our students that are recorded in the passbook of our heart,
in the bank of our life.
After all, every income has an income tax, but the income of a
teacher cannot be taxed because it is infinite, Amrutasya
Puthrah (child of Immortality). It is akshaya
Given the chance, I want to be born again as a teacher. I tell you
this because I became a teacher by choice, not by force. By
preference! I became a teacher because I have joy while teaching.
What a thrill we have when we are teachers. We forget all our
That’s the reason why people of other professions might become old
when they retire; but a teacher is an evergreen hero throughout
his lifetime. (Applause) This is because he moves in the company
of youngsters. A teacher moves in the garden of flowers that
blossom with smiles, the smiles of bubbling faces of students
committed to his care.
TEACHERS ARE THE NATION’S BUILDERS
We are very lucky. We should be very grateful to God. We are the
I can give you an illustration -- that of King Charles IV of
England. He made a royal visit to a high school in London,
England. The name of the headmaster was Busbee. He was teaching a
lesson based on a poem written by William Wordsworth, “The Cloud”.
So beautiful! Wordsworth is speaking of nature. He takes you to a
state of ecstasy!
While he was teaching the students, the king passed by on the
veranda. The headmaster did not get up nor lift his cap as a mark
of respect to the royal king. He didn’t do that because he was
engrossed, immersed in a total state of forgetfulness, in total
identification with the teaching.
After the bell rang, a few teachers came by and said, “You are
going to lose your job.”
He said, “Why?”
“You did not salute the royal king, His Majesty! How is it you
kept on teaching?”
And the headmaster said, “One king passed by the corridor. There
are forty kings in my classroom. I cannot ignore them.” (Applause)
NO COUNTRY CAN SURVIVE WITHOUT A TEACHER
Never underestimate the profession we belong to. Never
underestimate your role. No country can survive without a teacher.
Impossible! A teacher sees the future. A teacher is a man of
Michelangelo was a teacher. He looked at a boulder, a shapeless
rock, and said, “I see an angel in that.”
Similarly, a teacher is a ‘Michelangelo’! A teacher is a sculptor
who chisels a rock, his student, into a beautiful idol. A teacher
is a cloud showering the rain of happiness, giving the cool breeze
of bliss to his students.
THE ROLE OF A TEACHER
Our students speak of us at home. They tell their father and
mother how the teacher dresses, and how the teacher addresses. I
believe every teacher should know how to dress and how to address.
We cannot be ill dressed. We should be well dressed. A
well-dressed teacher will prepare well and his presentation will
be given equally well. We should be presentable to students. The
students should be happy to see us. We can’t afford to be
unappealing. No. We’ve got to be the latest.
I remember as a student how I used to note down the colour of the
suits of my teacher, including the colour of the socks he wore.
How he inspired me!
I met him again yesterday. He is 88 and my suspicions were that I
might not see him again. He is almost on his deathbed! I touched
his feet and said, “Dr. Thomas, before I get on to the dais, I
pray to God, then I think of you and then I start speaking. I must
have addressed thousands and thousands of meetings, but you left
an indelible mark on the sands of time in my memory. You inspired
me.” That is the role of a teacher.
Well, if I speak more, members of other professions may feel
slighted. I don’t want to annoy anyone or be a cause for anger.
But it shouldn’t matter, as everyone is also the product of their
THE EDUCATION WING HAS TWO PARTS
The education wing is an important part of the Sai organisation,
where we teachers have an important role.
There are two components in the education wing.
- The Study Circle
- Balvikas (Sai Spiritual
Education for young children), Education in Human Values, and
Having been in the Sathya Sai
Organisation for a quarter of a century in various capacities of
the State Organisation, I am familiar with the organisational
hierarchy. Therefore, I am trying to give you a picture or some
idea of the organisation, as well.
THE FIRST PART OF THE EDUCATION WING IS THE STUDY CIRCLE
The education wing has these two components: the Study Circle, and
Balvikas, Education in Human Values, and Educare.
First, what is a Study Circle?
Today there is no study. There is only a circle, that’s all, a
circle. So we have to realise that we cannot afford to have men
and women of this country with a circle or a zero in their minds.
No! They should not be empty-headed or dull-headed.
The Study Circle: We sit in a circle and study together. We evolve
and progress together. We investigate together. We explore
together. That togetherness is a circle. Study is learning
Study and learning are different. Learning is formal. It is
institutional and rather bookish. Learning is time-bound. Learning
is, all in all, a process of reception or receiving some material.
But, study is observation. Study is reflection and reaction. Study
is exploration and enquiry. We study to be steady. Therefore, my
friends, the first part of the education wing is the Study Circle.
We have to study well.
KNOWLEDGE IS POWER
Every teacher must necessarily study. If a teacher is to be
respected, the teacher must have adequate material about his
subject matter. That’s the reason why the famous maxim says,
“Knowledge is power.” Knowledge is power. It is more powerful than
an atom bomb, more powerful than a nitrogen bomb. Knowledge is
power. That is the knowledge one should have, adequate knowledge,
TEACHERS NEED SWADHYAYA AND PRAVACHANA
So, the Study Circle is the acquisition of knowledge. We call this
in Sanskrit, swadhyaya. Swadhyay - study. After the
study, you implement -- Balvikas, Education in Human Values
and Educare, and that is the pravachana. Pravachana
- teaching. Swadhyaya – study.
So, every teacher has two eyes: Swadhyaya, pravachana.
Two ears: Swadhyaya, pravachana. Two hands:
Swadhyaya, pravachana. If a teacher wants to have
swadhyaya without pravachana, he is handicapped or
one-sided. If he has swadhyaya and no pravachana,
his classes will be empty. No students will come.
So teachers should be equally empowered by swadhyaya and
pravachana - like the two rails of a railway track running
parallel to each other.
I will not say anything more about swadhyaya, the Study
Circle, because that is a little removed from the topic given to
GRANDPARENTS ARE BALVIKAS GURUS
Now, let me think of these three: Balvikas, Education in Human
Values, and Educare.
Am I clear, please? You can ask me to repeat because I am
notorious for speaking very fast.
It is Bhagavan who has cut down my speed to a great extent. He
says, “Slow, slow,” and then He will increase His speed, double,
multiple, making me a laughing stock for the audience. Sometimes
He lets me fumble and commit a mistake, to stand corrected very
often - much to the amusement of people, because Bhagavan’s
discourses are enlightenment, and my mistakes are entertainment.
That makes it comprehensive and total!
But anyway, I will say a few words about Balvikas. Balvikas
consists of children who love to hear stories. Balvikas does not
require Balvikas teachers. Every grandmother is a Balvikas guru!
Every grandfather is a Balvikas guru! They are better gurus than
all of us put together.
We don’t forget the stories told us by our grandparents. The
picture of Bheema (an Army General of ancient times) was given to
us by our grandmother. The idea of Krishna, Rama, Parasurama,
Balarama, (Avatars and Krishna’s brother) -- all these roles were
given to us by our grandparents.
FIVE POINTS ABOUT BALVIKAS
Point one is that Balvikas are full of stories.
Two, the stories help children to think of the body and the
personality behind the story. They start picturing characters such
as Bheema. They don’t visualise Bheema as a thin patient suffering
from tuberculosis. No, Bheema is as big as ten of us joined
together, at least. When you speak of Balarama, they expect
personality. When you speak of Krishna, they expect a peacock
feather and a flute, a smile and a little mischief. Yamadharmaraja
(the god of death), who is He? A dark fellow with a moustache,
sitting on the buffalo, ummmm, that’s it.
These are all the things identified with the picture in their
mind. So Balvikas is based on stories, and in these stories the
children try to visualise the different characters. The children
picture the personality by listening to our stories.
Then three, it is conscious -- being conscious of the body. I am
conscious of my dress and hairstyle. I am conscious of my
qualification. I am conscious of my seniority. I am conscious of
my height, weight and chest measurement.
And the fourth point, there is “the one you think you are” - the
body, the personality.
The fifth point, the children listen to our story in rapt
attention. Suppose you jump from the Ramayana to the Mahabharatha.
The child will tell you to come back to Hanuman (a renowned monkey
devotee of Rama).
If you stop the story at one stage on the previous day, the next
day the child will be able to remember exactly what happened.
“Start from here; don’t repeat it again, because I get bored,” he
tells me. This is because children have the power or faculty of
Therefore, my friends, I will give you these points once again,
because teachers are guilty of repetition. But their guilt is
their strength. Yes, it is not a weakness. In the Bhagavad Gita,
the Teacher of teachers, Lord Krishna Himself, repeats every point
in every chapter a hundred thousand times. So the ‘Head of the
Department’, Lord Krishna, the Teacher of teachers Himself, for
our own benefit, wants us to repeat so that we won’t forget or be
These are the five points concerning Balvikas: The first point is
story telling. The second point is body and personality
development. The third thing is the feeling of being conscious (of
the body, status, etc.) The fourth point is being aware of ‘the
one you think you are’, the personality, the body. The fifth point
is that children listen to us in full concentration.
BALVIKAS TAKES YOU TO EDUCATION IN HUMAN VALUES
Balvikas takes us to a higher level. From the primary school, it
takes us to the secondary school. We go a little higher. Here it
is “Education in Human Values - EHV”. EHV is advancement, a
gradual transition from the lower to the higher.
But one is complementary to the other, a sequential or corollary.
Neither is contradictory. Please understand this. They are not
contradictory; they are complementary. They don’t compete with
each other. There is nothing complex here, no perplexity or doubt.
The process is evolutionary; you evolve. That’s all. Simply,
Balvikas takes you to a higher level, to ‘Education in Human
EDUCATION IN HUMAN VALUES IN THE STUDY OF VALUES
What is this all about? At this level, a boy is in high school.
You don’t need to describe Rama in full. You don’t have to tell a
boy from the 10th or 12th class that Hanuman has a tail because
the child has this already identified by now.
So this is what happens at the EHV level: No more stories. We now
teach values. Rama means Truth. Rama means Dharma (Right Conduct).
Krishna means Prema (Love), Shanti (Peace), Harischandra, an
emperor who could have avoided terrible disasters by lying but
refused to, means Truth, Sathya. So they learn to value things not
by the personality, not by the role, not by the body, but by the
values each character represents.
So, Education in Human Values corresponds to the butter in curds
and whey. If the curd is Balvikas, the butter is Education in
Human Values. I think I am clear.
Then, they study the values a lot. And now, they begin to feel the
values in themselves. Rama stands for Truth. OK. ‘Do I speak
truth?’ That is the question. They begin to find the values
within, and the extent to which they are present.
EDUCATION IN HUMAN VALUES IS AT THE LEVEL OF THE MIND
This stage is called ‘conscience.’ ‘To what extent is my
conscience speaking? To what extent does my conscience follow the
dictates of the stories narrated earlier? To what extent is my
conscience satisfied with the value you have spoken about, with
the values that are true until now?’
So, this is becoming aware of the conscience. It is at the level
of the mind, not the level of the body, as thinking is immediate.
If you say, “Rama”, that is enough. They think of the difficulties
He had. They go on thinking of the values He possessed and the
challenges He faced. That is mental or psychological, in the mind.
CONCENTRATION IS BALVIKAS,
CONTEMPLATION IS EDUCATION iN HUMAN VALUES
Then comes the second stage. Once we teach them, they think of the
story, and they think of the value. ‘You taught me about Rama; so
do you speak truthfully? I heard about Rama, is there Truth in me?
Is there Truth in you? How untruthful you are! How bogus he is!’
They begin to evaluate. They begin to ruminate and to reflect.
They begin to ponder over those values given to them. This is
Concentration is Balvikas.
Contemplation is Education in Human Values.
The body is Balvikas; the mind is Human Values.
Consciousness is Balvikas; the conscience is Human Values.
Stories are the course content of Balvikas.
Values are the theme in Education in Human Values.
Concentration is Balvikas’ effective implement for learning.
Contemplation is the objective in Education in Human Values.
So, that’s how you go beyond
meditating on the stories to the values. Try to contemplate or
reflect upon the conscience. This then takes you to a higher
level, to the next stage, Educare, which is ‘university
Primary school education –
High school education - Education in Human Values
Collegiate career - Educare
EDUCARE DEALS WITH THE SPIRIT
What is Educare all about? It has nothing to do with the body, as
in Balvikas. It has nothing to do with the mind, as in the
Education in Human Values. It deals with the spirit or Atma or
The body is Balvikas.
The mind is Education in Human Values.
The spirit or Atma is Educare.
In Balvikas, we speak of Ramayana, Mahabharatha and Bhagavatha,
all religious stories. In Education in Human Values we speak of
the values or philosophy. So, religion is Balvikas, philosophy is
Education in Human Values, and spirituality is Educare.
There is a difference between religion, philosophy and
spirituality. They are three levels of comprehension, three levels
of experience and practice. Religion (Balvikas) takes you to
philosophy; philosophy (Education in Human Values) takes you to
So, Educare deals with the spirit, soul or Atma. It has nothing to
do with the Balvikas’ body ‘conscious’, or the ‘conscience’ of
Education in Human Values. Educare deals with ‘consciousness’.
Therefore, we go to the third level - spirituality.
CONSCIENCE IS LIMITED, CONSCIOUSNESS IS UNIVERSAL
What is the difference between conscience and consciousness?
Conscience is limited; consciousness is universal. Air in a
balloon is conscience; air around it is consciousness, both being
the same. The air in the tyre and the air around it are different
only because of the name and form given by the tyre; the air
around the tyre is beyond name and form, though the same air. So,
collectively speaking, universally speaking, from a cosmic point
of view, it is ‘consciousness’. When speaking from an individual
point of view, it is called ‘conscience’.
So, Balvikas is conscious; Education in Human Values is
conscience; and Educare is consciousness. Am I clear, please?
EDUCARE REQUIRES MEDITATION
Educare also takes you to another level of approaching God. It is
quite logical to fly by plane across the sky. I cannot imagine
flying on my bicycle. No, I require a plane! But then I cannot
expect to fly in an aeroplane on the ocean; I need a ship there.
So, Educare requires the third level, meditation. Meditation is
not time-bound, where a person sits straight, bolting the door
from inside, and not allowing anybody in between 5.00 AM and 6.00
AM, considering himself ‘religious’. Meditation is not limited to
space and time. Meditation is not sitting straight. You had better
do that for a straight spinal column. If you are not
straightforward, at least your spinal column will be straight!
Meditation is not a physical exercise.
MEDITATION IS ANNIHILATION OF THE MIND
So, my friends, what is the meaning of meditation? There is only
one definition. I am never too tired, my friends, to repeat any
number of times on different platforms, at different places, to
varied groups of audiences, the beautiful definitions of Baba. No
man could ever give these definitions, at any period of time.
Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba is the ‘latest’ Avatar (Incarnation
of God), believe me or not. He gives you the technological,
scientific, radical, human, logical, rational approach to
present-day problems that go straight to your heart.
What does He say about meditation? Meditation is withdrawal of the
mind, a thoughtless state. Withdrawal of the mind, annihilation of
the mind, or absence of the mind is meditation.
So if I say, “I meditate every day”, nonsense! It is anything but
meditation. “My meditation times are at 4AM and 5PM.” This means
he has no knowledge of the definition of meditation, as meditation
is beyond time and space. It is the withdrawal of the mind, the
annihilation of the mind, manolaya or manonaashana, a thoughtless
state, sankalpa shoonya.
Sakala Sankalpa Shoonyude Shanthinondu
Sathyamaina Maata Sai Maata
Dushta Sankalpamulachetha Dukhithudu Agunu
Sakala Sankalpa Shoonyude.
The thoughtless state is Divinity
because it is the thought that makes “a heaven out of hell and
hell out of heaven”, as Milton said.
Mana Eva Mokshanaam Kaaranam
THE WITHDRAWAL OF THE MIND IS THE
ONLY WAY TO EXPERIENCE CONSCIOUSNESS
When you are above the mind, there is neither good nor bad. There
is neither success nor failure. There is neither profit nor loss.
You are neither a woman nor a man. You are beingness.
Therefore, when we go to the level of meditation, when we
transcend all these limitations, when we withdraw our mind, you
will feel Atma, Parabrahman, spirit, soul, or
Once you experience consciousness, you are not different from
others; you are not separate from others. You are not a VIP, no.
Who is a VIP in spirituality? Can there be a VIP in front of God?
Impossible! Can there be a smaller wave and greater wave, a
smaller bubble and larger bubble in the ocean? After all, they are
all H2O, water, only. Therefore my friends, understanding that
meditation is the withdrawal of the mind is the only way to
EXAMPLES OF BHAGAVAN’S LOVE AND COMPASSION
We must establish a relationship with everybody. If I cannot
effectively communicate with everybody, if I cannot learn how to
be happy with everybody, if I cannot smile with everybody, if I
cannot share joy with everybody, what is the purpose of human
life? It is not worth the salt. We should be able to mingle with
everybody, even more so in a spiritual organisation. After all, we
all belong to one world.
Let us look at the way Bhagavan speaks of the two dogs, Jack and
Jill, and of His classmates, Suresh and Ramesh, from long ago. Or,
the way He says “Thank you!” to a buffalo in Madanapalle that
fetched water every day. Thank you to a buffalo! Most fellows
don’t do that.
See the way He loves flowers: When I was standing close to Him for
a personal photograph, He said, “Just go a little behind. Let the
flowers also appear in the photograph. They are more beautiful
Look at the way He loves the plants and the trees. When an
innocent child starts picking and pinching the leaves, He chides
him. He warns the child’s father, “Don’t let your son do that!”
He tells him, “Leaves have consciousness. Trees have
A few years ago, the Brindavan boys staged an item for the Sports
Meet where they had a display of stunts on the backs of horses.
These horses were running very fast. It all looked very nice.
Suddenly Bhagavan said, “Stop it!” Why? He saw the horses were
sweating heavily. “How can you do that sort of thing? Letting
those horses sweat like that? Stop it!”
That is consciousness. Being with the leaf, being with the flower,
being with a bee, being with a horse, being with a buffalo,
finding kinship is consciousness. That is consciousness. Some
people say, “I cannot mingle with just anybody; I go with my
group.” They are just in a circus, in a cage. No, no. I should be
able to be friendly with everybody.
EDUCARE IS BEING LOVE ON TWO FEET
Friendliness and loveliness are features of the Divine. After all,
you may have one friend or two friends or three friends, but you
can be friendly with everybody. Friendliness is Educare. You can
love one or two. You can be a lover to one or two. But also Love
is yourself, for you are verily Love. You are the embodiment of
Love. You are the personification of Love. You are Love on two
feet. That is Educare. Educare is not being a lover, but being
Educare is the study of the spirit. This means the acquisition of
awareness of consciousness, acquired through meditation. It is
consciousness that is beyond the body, the mind, space and time.
That’s who you really are.
BHAGAVAN’S DIVINE PLAN
Balvikas is ‘the one you think you are’. Education in Human Values
is ‘the one others think you are’, while Educare is ‘the one you
Conscious – Balvikas.
Contemplation – Education in Human Values.
Meditation – Educare.
Body – Balvikas.
Mind – Education in Human Values.
The spirit or soul – Educare.
Conscious, contemplation, meditation
is Educare. Stories, values, your true Self, the Atma, and
identification with that, is Educare. Educare - what a wonderful
plan! Bhagavan’s Divine Plan!
THE EDUCATION WING HAS NO TIME OR SPACE LIMITATIONS
He wants you to grow from one level to another: From conscious to
conscience to consciousness; from the body to the mind to the
spirit; from concentration to contemplation to meditation. What a
wonderful Divine guidance it is! (Applause) This shows an
evolutionary process, a continuous journey to eternity. It is not
a time-bound plan.
So, the education wing has no retirement. The education wing has
no limitation. It has no limitation of strength, space, classes,
bell or anything whatsoever. Classroom teaching requires a bell.
Balvikas can be anywhere, be it on a platform or at the airport,
on the road or under the tree, down the valley, up a hill or in
the deep sea.
The education wing has swadhyaya, the Study Circle, which
requires self-study. Then it takes you to pravachana, the
teaching. Balvikas. Education in Human Values, and Educare - all
come under the education wing of the Sri Sathya Sai Seva
THE THREE STAGES OF EDUCATION WING
Balvikas introduces religion through stories, and thinking of the
body of which we are conscious. What is the first state? ‘The one
you think you are’. Balvikas takes you to religion. There are
different physical bodies in religion. Rama was very tall. Yama
Dharmaraja (the god of death) was very fat, and most disturbing,
even in a dream. Krishna stands for beauty, mischief, and for
being a great statesman, oftentimes the politician. So the body,
Krishna’s smiling face, and so forth, is nothing but being
That is the body. That is nothing
but the conscious state, ‘the one you think you are’. That takes
you to different stories and that requires concentration.
The second stage is Education in Human Values. Education in Human
Values does not speak of religion. It speaks of the philosophy of
religion. It makes you think of the mind and not of the body. It
is not at the physical level. Nor is it at the material or mundane
level. It is the psychological domain, the psychic domain. So it
is the mind.
That takes you to understanding the conscience and the individual
soul through values. What values do you have? Truth, Right
Conduct, Peace, Love -- Sathya, Dharma, Shanti,
Prema. You ruminate, ponder and think over these values.
This is what we call contemplation.
Educare is not about religion; religion is Balvikas. Educare is
not philosophy; that is Education in Human Values. Educare is
spirituality. Educare is the underlying current. What is it all
It is all about Atma, not about the body, as in Balvikas;
not about the mind, as in Education in Human Values. It is Atma,
your real core, which is nothing but consciousness, which you
experience through the process of meditation.
Atma, at the individual level, is the conscience. Atma,
at the universal level, is consciousness. The air in the balloon
is conscience; the air around it is consciousness. The Kolar gold
mine is consciousness; the gold earring is conscience. Am I clear?
Therefore, the Educare that speaks of the Atma at the
individual level is conscience; at the universal, cosmic level, it
is consciousness. This can be experienced and felt through the
process of meditation.
Having concentrated fully at the Balvikas level, we try to
contemplate on the values at the Education in Human Values level.
Then, by the process of meditation, we know what Educare is. This
finally represents the ‘one you really are.’
The one you think you are –
The one others think you are – Education in Human Values.
The one you really are – Educare.
That’s it. That is the first part of
the talk. With your permission, I move on to the second part.
THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN EDUCARE AND EDUCATION
The second part is the difference between Educare and education.
This is very necessary to know because of the way Educare has been
understood up to now. The way Educare has been transmitted is not
to my satisfaction in any way.
God simplifies, while man complicates! When God puts it in such
simple terms, we are capable of manipulating it and making it so
complicated that it makes the other person disgusted, vexed, and
indifferent. So that’s not my job now. Our job is to know how
simple it is.
EDUCATION HAS PERPETRATED CRIME
Recently, Bhagavan gave a talk to teachers from Zambia and
Thailand. The theme of His talk happened to be Educare. A few
points that I am going to share with you are based on the Divine
talk given to the teachers.
Before taking leave of Him, I showed Him these slides
enthusiastically, and said, “Chaala bagundayya.”
“Swami, naaku siggesthondi. Meeru aa maata annoddu. Yenduku
bavundadu? Ivanni mee matalu. Naa maatalu antha bavundavani naaku
thelusu. Ivanni meevi mathrame, Swami.”
“Meerantha thelikaga chepparu kanuka.”
So this is what it is.
Chaduvulanniyu chaduva tharka
vaadambe kaani poorna gyaanamu yepudu ponda ledu.
Education will help you to argue and
to put across your viewpoint with the needed skill to convince the
other man. It is an excellent art of manipulation, to make the
other man forget his own question.
What is it that education has done today? To quote Bhagavan,
“Where there are a number of educational institutes, there are
numbers of courts, a number of advocates, a number of prisons, a
number of thefts, a number of bank robberies, kidnappings, and
what not! So, that is the outcome of education.”
TECHNOLOGY MEANS “TAKE KNOWLEDGE”
Some time back, Bhagavan granted an interview to a group of people
and asked them, “What is that you are doing?”
“Swami, we are students of M.Tech.”
“What does that mean?”
They said, “Master of Technology”. Oho!
“Who is a Master?” They had no answer. He asked the professor
himself, “Who is a Master?”
He said, “Whoever mastered the subject.”
Bhagavan said, “Certainly not!”
Then Bhagavan said, “A Master is not the Master of the subject. A
Master is not the one who has gone deep into the content of the
course. A Master is the one who is the Master of his senses.”
Everybody was taken by surprise, with their mouths wide open,
because no one had thought of it that way.
Then He came to the second part of it. “What is technology?”
One student said, “Swami, applied science is technology.”
Then Swami said, “If it is applied science, why should there be a
word like ‘technology’?” Finished!
He asked another professor, “What is technology?”
He said, “Science in application is technology.”
“You are totally wrong.”
Then, what is technology? Each one started giving his
interpretation and definition.
Bhagavan said, “No, no, no, no. Having been educated, having
learned all knowledge, having taken possession of the skills and
talents, you should go to society and tell everybody, ‘Take
knowledge, take knowledge’. That is ‘tech-nology’!”
“Or else, it is ‘trick knowledge’, to learn more tricks. Life is
full of tricks. So, it is not ‘trick knowledge’. It is ‘take
knowledge’. ‘Take my knowledge.’”
“Your knowledge should be beneficial to your fellow men. Having
been born in society, having grown and been brought up in society,
having acquired your knowledge in society, you have to express
your gratitude by appearing in front of society and telling them,
‘Take knowledge.’ That is the true technology,” He said.
EDUCATION IS FROM THE TEACHER - EDUCARE IS FROM GOD
So my friends, if we question ourselves about today’s education,
we will be convinced why Bhagavan wants Educare today. Now we have
Educare to care for ourselves, and Educare to care for society. We
have Educare to know our real identity, true nature and knowledge
of the Self. Educare is care of the Self; the Supreme Self is
So, knowledge is what is given to you by your teacher. A teacher
is a transmitter. Who is a teacher? A teacher is a transmitter of
information from one generation to another generation. He is only
a carrier, a transmitter. That’s all.
Education is obtained with the help of a teacher, but Educare is
not like that, Educare requires a Master. Who is the Master? God
is the only Master. Why? He has mastered all the senses.
We are only ‘misters’. We are Mr. So-and-So, Mr. So-and-So. The
Master is God. Sage Dakshinamurthy. Yes. Adi Sankara. They are
That is the reason why my good friend, Mr. Narasimha Murthy, is
very careful to address Bhagavan as ‘Divine Master’. In every talk
he says “Divine Master” because the Divine is the only Master. The
Master is the Divine.
So, while education is received from a teacher, Educare is from
EDUCATION GIVES KNOWLEDGE, EDUCARE GIVES WISDOM
Secondly, education gives you knowledge. Knowledge of what? It
gives you facts and figures, but knowledge of what? It gives you
knowledge of everything that is happening and has happened. It
gives knowledge of facts and figures, whereas Educare gives you
Educare gives you wisdom. Knowledge and wisdom are different. A
knowledgeable man differs from a wise man. A knowledgeable man has
a lot of information – a fund of information, information gathered
from books, from all the book shelves available.
TEACHER IS MADE BUT MASTER IS BORN
But what has Baba said? “A person who is surrounded by books is
comparable to a man surrounded by bottles of tablets and
capsules.” If a man is surrounded by bottles of capsules, syrup,
liquids and tablets, he is a patient. Similarly, the man
surrounded by books is a confused man. If you ask him one
question, he will give ten answers, none of which will satisfy
So, teachers are qualified to confuse you, but a Master is not
‘qualified’ at all. A Master is born with mastery. A Master is
born a Master. A teacher is made. Talents are born. A singer is
born. A painter is born. A sculptor is born. A poet is born. A
Master is born. But a teacher is made. He becomes a teacher once
he has attained a B.Ed. With a M.Ed., he becomes a teacher in the
college of education. With a Ph.D., he can teach in a university.
A teacher is made.
EDUCATION GIVES INFORMATION, EDUCARE BRINGS TRANSFORMATION
During education, we receive information - information about all
fields of knowledge: physical sciences, science and technology,
the humanities, medicine, and engineering. That is education - a
fund of information.
Educare is not merely information. Educare is information leading
to transformation. Educare brings about transformation, while
education only gives you information.
In education, you get all the information through the senses - all
that I see, all that I hear, all that I touch. These senses are
the windows of knowledge, the gateways of knowledge, in that they
receive information -- all that is seen, all that is heard, all
that is touched. The senses are the gateways of knowledge. This is
But Educare is not this sort of knowledge. It is the wisdom you
are born with. You are born with Prajnanam Brahma. You are born
with the awareness, Prajnanam Brahma. Tat Twam Asi -
That thou art. You are not ‘going to become’. If you are ‘going to
become’, you may lose it later; if you are ‘going to become’, then
you ‘are not’ now.
So, this Educare is not concerned with past or future. Educare is
right here and now. Educare is here and now. It is not of the
past. Knowledge is of the past. Knowledge is about debt because it
is of the past. Knowledge is borrowed, whereas wisdom is not
borrowed. It is one’s own intuition.
You receive education via the senses. You receive wisdom via
intuition. Intuition is wisdom, while the senses merely transfer
What is intuition? We all have intuition. We are all intuitive.
Some people call intuition the ‘inner voice’. Some people call it
DISCOVERIES MADE THROUGH INTUITION
Tuition is education. Intuition is Educare. And what is this
intuition? Here is a simple example. A person walking by saw an
apple falling onto the ground. Because his intuition awakened, he
just postulated a discovery. He formulated the theory of
gravitational force. The law of gravitational force was not a
discovery made in the laboratory. It was not anything to do with
equipment such as a burette, a pipette, scales, a thermometer or a
barometer, a telescope or a stethoscope. No scope whatsoever was
involved. Intuition alone was responsible for the law of
gravitational force. The law came from within.
A boy went to offer his prayers in a synagogue. He knelt and
started praying. Suddenly he heard a sound trrr…trrrrr. He opened
his eyes and saw a lamp swinging from side to side. He started
counting how many times it moved to this end, and how many times
it moved to that end. That led to the discovery of watches,
clocks. That boy was Galileo. His intuition led to the creation of
time pieces. So watches and clocks were not discovered in any
laboratory, factory, national defence lab, or international lab.
Intuition alone was responsible.
A person was taking a bath in a tub. Suddenly he noticed that some
water spilled out of the tub. He came up with the law of density.
This was Archimedes.
On his way to church, a pastor noticed a number of plants of the
same variety with flowers of different colours. The plants were
the same, but the colours were different. Some were white; some
were bright. Some were blue; some were pink. Different colours,
but they were all the same type of plant. They were all garden
peas, but they were of different colours. The pastor was none
other than John Mendon, who formulated the theory of inheritance.
This is another instance of a discovery not taking place in the
laboratory. It was the result of the awakening of intuition.
Suppose you are trying to make a decision as to whether to go or
not to go to Puttaparthi. The inner voice tells you, “Go now!”
That is intuition.
INTUITION GOES AFTER CONVICTION, MIND GOES AFTER CONVENIENCE
Some people ask me the question: “Sir, how to know the difference
between the directives or the dictates of the mind, as opposed to
the dictates of intuition or conscience. How to distinguish and
differentiate between the two? Is it the mind that dictates to me
or is it the intuition that wants me to do that. How to
My answer is this. It is very simple. Mind tells you that which
you find to be convenient. ‘Let me go to Holiday Inn this evening,
or why not go to some theatre, or why not watch some interesting
TV serial, this being Sunday?’ That is the prompting of the mind.
That is psychological.
‘Nothing doing. You go to do service.’ That is intuition.
Intuition goes after conviction, mind goes after convenience.
Mind speaks of those things that constitute unfulfilled desires.
The mind goes on dreaming about some desires which are not
fulfilled. The mind goes on reminding you about them. ‘What was
lost to you earlier, have now. You missed that picture then, now
it is released. Why don’t you go?’
WHILE MIND IS HUMAN, INTUITION IS DIVINE
So, mind is something like a computer. It is something like a tape
recorder. You can rewind or go fast forward. But intuition has got
nothing to do with rewinding or going fast forward. It is
directive, commanding, demanding, challenging and uncompromising.
Commanding, demanding, uncompromising are the terms of the inner
voice. While mind is human, the intuition is Divine. While mind is
physical, worldly, mundane, intuition is spiritual. Intuition is
totally spiritual and Divine.
Therefore, education speaks of the mind. It is the mind that
registers all the classroom lectures. It is the mind that
registers all the quotations from famous books. Mind makes me a
scholar. Mind makes me a goonda.
Mind has got both positive and negative aspects. At its best, it
will make you a scholar. But intuition makes you a wise man or a
man of wisdom.
Who is a wise man? A wise man is one who knows the eternal, not
just this moment.
Chaduvulanniyu chaduva ksheenudu
avagunambu maana ledu.
A mean man would not be able to give
up his mean habits in spite of the acquisition of knowledge.
Chaduvulanniyu chaduvi chavanga
netiki? Chavu leni chaduvu chaduvavalayu
Earn the knowledge to be immortal or
deathless. That is Educare.
EDUCATION IS EXPLANATION, EDUCARE IS EXCLAMATION
Education is a matter of questioning. Why this? Why not that? Why?
How? What? These are the questions one asks while undertaking
education. Education is a question. Question leads to
investigation. Investigation leads to observation. Observation
leads to formulation. Formulation ends up in a theory. That is
But, Educare is not a question. It is a quest. Educare is a quest,
while education is a question. Quest is different from question.
Quest is a search. Quest is an enquiry. Quest involves turning
inward. Quest requires one to go beyond the senses. Quest aims to
take you to your reality; to make you know your true identity.
One poses a question only to find an answer, suitable or
unsuitable. I think I am clear. And education is a question that
is solved. Every question has got a solution. So, question solved
But Educare is a quest which is not solved; rather it is a quest
wherein you are dissolved. Why and how? You can no more say what
you are. You are dissolved. You have become a drop in the ocean. A
river that has merged into the ocean has no claim or identity
whatsoever. An ornament melted into gold loses its name and form.
That is the meaning of quest. The individual gets dissolved.
Education is full of explanation. The more and more you explain,
the more and more educated you are. Education is explanation, but
Educare is exclamation. When you see the Taj Mahal, you are filled
with awe and wonder. You are filled with wonder, awe, inspiration,
admiration and adoration. That is the exclamation one experiences
Framing your ideas is explanation. So, education is explanation,
while Educare is exclamation. In education, there is argument and
counter-argument; thesis and anti-thesis; Darwinism and
Neo-Darwinism; Lamarckism and Neo-Lamarckism; Bernoulli’s
hypothesis; and Avogadro’s hypothesis. Dalton’s atomic theory
provided further contradiction; thesis and antithesis; argument
SYNTHESIS IS THE QUINTESSENCE OF EDUCARE
So, thesis, anti-thesis is just a game in education. But,
synthesis is the quintessence of Educare. Synthesis, togetherness,
grouping, unity, harmony is Educare. Disharmony, specialisation,
diversification is education. Centralisation is Educare. To centre
is Educare, while to remain on the periphery is education. I think
I am clear.
Centre is one; periphery is everywhere. We are studying about that
centre in Educare. Education has taken us to specialisation and
I’ll give you a small anecdote. One gentleman in Bombay had some
tooth problem. His age was about 40.
Yes. This gentleman had some tooth problem on the right side of
the upper jaw. He went to a dentist and said, “Doctor saab,
this is my problem.”
The doctor said, “Sorry sir, I am a specialist in the lower jaw.
Better you go to another doctor.”
So he went to another doctor and said, “Sir, I understand you are
a specialist in the upper jaw. My problem is on the right side.”
The doctor said, “I am an expert of the left side. Better you go
to some other man.”
So he went to another doctor, “Sir, are you a specialist for the
left side? Please let me know.”
This doctor said, “There are different types of teeth - canines,
molars and incisors. Which type of tooth is the problem? I don’t
know because I am a specialist. Go next door.”
In the end, the fellow lost his teeth due to lack of care.
Educare makes you complacent, gratified, satisfied, contented,
happy, and blissful. No more bonds or desires because you are at
the very centre of your life. You are at the very centre of life.
You are not dancing around the periphery. You are not galloping
near the periphery. You are at the very centre. That is Educare.
BECOMING IS EDUCATION, BEING IS EDUCARE
So, education, with its super-specialisation, leads to confusion,
whereas Educare leads to gratification. Education leads to more
and more desire. Desirelessness is the result of Educare.
Education makes us selfish. Selflessness is the result of Educare.
My friends, if I want to become a doctor, an engineer or a pilot I
must undergo the required education. Education is for becoming
(something). Becoming is education. You need education in order to
But Educare is not about becoming. It leads to being. Being is
Educare. Becoming is education. Syntheses is Educare. Its
anti-thesis is education. Transformation is Educare. Information
is education. Mind is education. Heart is Educare. Knowledge is
education. Wisdom is Educare. Education is given by a teacher.
Educare is transmitted by a Master.
You receive education by observation of the outer world. Yes, you
have to observe. You observe any scientist. He observes his own
recordings. He performs an experiment and makes his own
recordings. Education is external, taking place in the laboratory
or in the classroom; whereas Educare is within you. Education is
pravritti, while Educare is nivritti. Pravritti
is external knowledge, outward knowledge. Nivritti is
So, nivritti is beyond the senses while pravritti is
below the senses. And then, pravritti speaks of ‘this’.
This is an auditorium. This is a screen. This is a mike. This is
an atom. This is a molecule. This is an electron. So, education
speaks of ‘this’, while Educare speaks of ‘that’. Twam –
education - this. Tat – Educare -that
So there’s a wide gulf of difference between Educare and
education. Balvikas is one shore of the river and Educare is the
other shore. The bridge between the two shores is EHV.
BALVIKAS, EHV AND EDUCARE ARE ALL IMPORTANT
From Iha to Para, from padartha to
parartha, from grantha to gandha, saugandha
-- This is essence. Educare is about essence. Balavikas is
about existence. One is about existence, while the other is about
essence. The bridge of EHV takes you from one shore to the other.
“Sir, I want to be on this shore.”
“I want to stay there on the bridge.”
“Useless. You should go across to the other shore.”
All three are important. One is a corollary to the other.
Balvikas is the sugarcane; EHV is the juice; and Educare is the
sugar. You can’t expect to have the sugar without the juice.
There’s no juice without the sugarcane. All the three are
What a beautiful example Bhagavan gave to those boys, the teachers
He said, “A-B-C are necessary. Twenty-six letters are in the
English alphabet. There are fifty-two letters in the Telugu
language. The letters are few, but thousands and thousands of
pages of volumes have been written with these few letters.”
So, letters are the balvikas, words are EHV, and sentences are
Educare. A-B-C-D are letters. Love and God are words. ‘God is
Love,’ ‘Love is God,’ and ‘Live in Love,’ are sentences. Would you
say, “I don’t want words” or “I want to stay with words only?” Can
you say, “I want only sentences?” All the three are necessary.
THE WHOLE UNIVERSE IS ESSENTIALLY DIVINE
Educare begins right from birth. You are born with Educare.
Education speaks of the outer world, pravritti, outer
marga, while Educare speaks of nivritti, inward
marga. Education is a question solved, while Educare is a
quest, an enquiry through which you are dissolved. Education is
explanation, while Educare is exclamation. Education speaks of
this twam, while Educare speaks of that -- tat.
Education is about life manifest. Electricity manifests as heat,
as light, as sound. The mike, the generator, a bulb, a heater and
a fridge are all gadgets or instruments through which the inner
electricity manifests. Am I clear?
So, life manifests. Why do I say that life manifests? Because
Sarvam Vishnu Mayam Jagat. The whole universe is essentially
Divine. Divinity manifested in many forms. As sister Kamala
Padmanabhan was explaining a couple of minutes ago, this is
Vishwa Virat Swarupa.
So the point is that all this external phenomena is cosmic form.
Someone asked Swami, “I want your Vishwa Virat Swarupa.”
Arey, auditorium, Vishwa virat swarupam. Meerantha ade!
Isa vasyamidam sarvam
Yat kincha jagatyam jagat
Tena tyaktena bhunjitha
Ma grdhah kasya sviddhanam.
Vasudeva sarvamithi. Life is
creation as manifest form. Educare is the underlying electricity
which is neither heat, nor cold, nor anything else. It is
nirguna - attributeless, formless - nirakara,
blemishless - anindya.
So, nirakara, nirguna, anindya, amartya,
immortal. That principle of life unmanifest or the creator is
Educare. Life manifesting is education. Thesis and anti-thesis are
education. Synthesis, unity, and harmony are Educare.
EDUCATION IS KNOWLEDGE ACQUIRED THROUGH THE SENSES
As I said earlier, the senses are the gateways. The senses
represent the conscious mind. Through the senses, you get
information. That information is stored in the form of knowledge,
all bookish knowledge, all superficial knowledge, that you
acquired by making some effort -- six years of schooling, three
years of graduate studies, and two years of post-graduate studies.
Strenuous, laborious effort is required to acquire knowledge
through books and teachers. Effort is required to become a doctor
After that, what happens to you? Pride, ego, pomp arise. You feel
you can no longer mix with everybody.
A SPIRITUAL PERSON IS THE BEST COMMUNICATOR
My friends, a spiritual man is the best communicator. He is able
to mix with everybody, no matter whether the other person is
educated or not. Here is Bhagavan who talks to a gardener, a lorry
driver, or a primary school boy in the same manner as to Dr. Gokak
and Kaamavadhani. That is the quality of a spiritual man.
The best communicator is a religious man. The best communicator is
a spiritual Master. The best communicator is the Divine Master
Himself. Education only makes us full of pride, ego and pomp.
“Do you know I am a Ph.D.?”
“Why should I know that you are a Ph.D.?”
“Do you know I am so-and-so?”
This identity is full of pride and ego. The senses receive
information, which boils down to knowledge. Through effort we
become something, and end up in pride and pomp. That’s the
EDUCARE IS TRANSCENDENTAL, EXPERIENTIAL WISDOM
In Educare, it is different. It is transcendental. It is beyond
the senses because it deals with the inner world. The inner world
is infinite. The inner world is reality. The inner world is your
very being. The inner world is your true Self. Educare deals with
the consciousness, the awareness, the awakeness, the experiential,
experimental, existential wisdom that is your very being. It is
experiential, existential awareness. Educare is transcendental,
being beyond the senses.
Through Educare, you don’t get any information. You get yourself
transformed. You come to know that the other fellow is not the
‘other’. ‘Other’ is non-existent in Educare. There is no ‘other’.
You are everything, everyone.
You manifested into me. There is no
other. This is transformation. To feel that you and I are here is
information. To feel that you and I are one, that there is no
other, is transformation.
Ekamevaat Dwitiyam Brahma.
Only one -- not two. That is
transformation. With this insight, what do you get? Wisdom. With
wisdom, what do you get? Transformation. Practical knowledge is
unlike bookish knowledge. It is unlike superficial knowledge. At
best you can call this discriminating, practical knowledge as
EDUCARE IS REALISATION WHICH IS ALREADY THERE
Information requires effort. You have to study day and night. You
have to go to teachers, and do experiments in the laboratory until
late in the night. Acquisition of information requires effort.
Educare involves the realisation of that which is already there.
To know that there is a pen here, I don’t need to make an effort.
I don’t need to go to Chikpet or Majestic Circle. I don’t need any
communication. Not necessary. It is already there.
Tat Twam Asi – “You are That. You are That.”
So, some fellow will come and say, “Arey, there is pen there.”
“Oh, I see…”
The fellow who comes and tells you that there is a pen there is
the Master. The one who knows that the pen is already there is one
Educare is realisation of that which is already in existence.
That’s what I mean by realisation. Education is becoming, while
Educare is being.
While pride, ego and pomp are off-shoots of education, humility
and awareness develop with Educare. While education is given by a
teacher, Educare is given by a Master.
EDUCATION IS VIA COMMUNICATION, EDUCARE IS SILENT
Oral, verbal communication is necessary in education. But Educare
is silent. Educare is inspiration from within. Educare is
inspiration, illumination, radiation, expressionless expression,
effortless effort, soundless sound.
Mouna vyakhya prakatitha Brahma,
Mouna vyakhya prakatitha Brahma.
Somebody asked Ramana Maharishi, “Swami, what shall I do to attain
He said, “Don’t do. Don’t do anything.”
It is not that easy not to do anything. The mind goes on thinking
about everybody and everything. I think I am locked up in my room
engrossed in meditation. I think I am alone. No, no, no, no. You
are not alone. You are in a crowd because you think of your
college; you think of the mandir; you think of Majestic
Circle, the bus stand and Rajajinagar. Though you are alone, in
fact, you are in a crowd. I think I am clear.
You are alone physically, but you are in a crowd mentally. It is
useless. On the other hand, you may be in a crowd, but yet all
alone, by yourself. You can be in a crowd, but yet, all alone. You
can be left to yourself. You can be alone; but aloneness is
different from loneliness.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN EDUCARE AND EDUCATION
Yama Dharmaraja told Nachiketha, “I will give you all education.”
The boy said, “Nothing doing, my lord. Teach me Educare.”
“No, no. I will give you all the property of this world.”
“Nothing doing, my lord. Please teach me Educare.”
Yama Dharmaraja was prepared to give education, but Nachiketha
wanted Educare, which came in the form of Nachikethopakhyana
of Upanishadic literature.
Adi Sankara had one disciple, Padmapaada. While Adi Sankara was
teaching everything to his disciples, Padmapaada did not receive
any formal, verbal information from his teacher.
When he was drying all the clothes, all of a sudden clouds
appeared, followed by a terrific rain. The clothes were driven out
by the raging waves, the frowning clouds, and the thunder.
Immediately Padmapaada started leaping around in order to collect
all the clothes. Wherever he jumped, there appeared a lotus flower
so that he would not drown in the torrent. Guru Sankara taught
Padmapaada everything in this way via silent communion.
While the rest of the disciples had communication, Padmapaada
received information through communion, by He who is the
co-composer of Bhaja Govindam with Adi Sankara.
That is, in brief my friends, the differences between Educare and
education. I must have taken more time than necessary. I am always
guilty of that, but my audience has been very good to bear with
me. I want to make a final comment on, “The future plan of
GIVE UP COMPARISON AND COMPETITION
Firstly, I spoke about an organisation topography; secondly, about
the difference between education and Educare. Now, thirdly, here
is a plan of action. With no malice, with no hatred, I just make
certain statements out of my three decades of association with the
Sai Organisation and its institutions, for the collective benefit.
First point I want to make is -- give up comparison and
competition in order to be better off in life. Comparison and
competition are like cancer and kidney failure. That is enough to
transport us to the other planet! Let us not compare ourselves
with others. Let us not compete with each other. The tendency to
compare and compete is just the opposite of spirituality. This is
the first point that I wish to make.
The second point is -- let us all work together.
Mata Pita Guru Daivamu Mari
He is our Father. He tells devotees
from other states that they are brothers and sisters. We are one
How to go about Educare? Point 1: I want one person to be
in-charge at the district level to monitor Educare, in order to
oversee how it is going on.
Then there should be one person at the state level, to collect the
data pertaining to all the details of what is going on everywhere.
He should be able to tell every person what is happening in the
neighbouring district. He should be able to be the contact person
between the state president, state mahila convenor, and the rest
of the people. Without designation, he discharges his duty.
TO BE ORDINARY IS EXTRAORDINARINESS
People without designation do a lot. My friends, bear in mind, the
most precious things in this world are ordinary. The most precious
things in the world are ordinary, yet we want to be extraordinary.
That is the tragedy. There is nothing extraordinary in being
extraordinary. To be ordinary is extraordinary. To be ordinary
Clouds are ordinary. Rain is ordinary. Sunlight is ordinary.
Moonlight is ordinary. Mountain tops are ordinary. Greenery, the
slopes, the forests, the harvests are ordinary. Yet a simple human
being, whose life is so short, wants to be extraordinary. An
Somebody asked Abdul Kalam, “What are your views? What is your
message on this day, your birthday?”
Kalam’s reply was, “In the light years, in the infinity of time,
what am I, after all, with this short life? That is my message to
It is a paradox if, in the name of spirituality, we want to become
extraordinary, something special. It constitutes a life of
paradox. It is a life of polarities, opposites. This life of
paradoxical opposites is diabolical. The polarities will never
come together. So let’s be ordinary.
EACH ONE, TEACH ONE
So, let there be a man in each state to know about all that is
happening, with the aim to utilise this information to improve,
rather than to compete; to know, not to compare. I know in the
state of Maharashtra, there is fantastic work going on. I know, in
Delhi, in the international building that Swami inaugurated,
wonderful work is going on.
Each one of us should teach one. We grow together. We learn
together. Man is not isolated. Man lives in society. He has to
grow along with the society. The Sathya Sai family is one society.
We grow together. We learn from each other. (Applause) That
is the secret of success. Let’s know what is happening in other
LET US ALL WORK TOGETHER
Many distinguished personalities visit Prashanti Nilayam. One of
them is Jhum Sai. Some of you could arrange an appointment with
him and learn from him. There are some great people who come to
Prashanti Nilayam. People from Karnataka, even if in Prashanti
Nilayam as a sevadal, should seek an appointment with such people.
Don’t say you don’t belong to EHV. This hand belongs to me; this
leg belongs to me; this eye belongs to me. All belong to me. If I
say this leg is Subba Rao, this hand is Venkateshwara Rao, you
will think that I am from a lunatic asylum.
We have no authority to say that Balvikas has nothing to do with
the youth wing, and that the youth wing has nothing to do with the
elders’ wing. What is youth? And what is old? We are immortal. We
are ageless and timeless. So differentiation and distinction is a
tragedy and a curse to any developing, growing organisation.
Let us know what is happening internationally. Let’s keep the
doors of our mind wide open so that the breeze of knowledge will
flow freely among us. And then, let us assess and evaluate at each
moment how near are we to the goal. How near are we to the target?
What additional steps do we need to take? Let there be a quarterly
review of our progress.
These are the thoughts that are uppermost in my mind, and that I
wanted to share with you. If you feel that it’s an extra
indulgence, if you fell that I spoke from a place of arrogance, I
stand guilty. I beg to be excused. Since I feel that I am a member
of the Sai family, interested in the Sri Sathya Sai Organisation,
and, having given my life to the organisation, I feel that I have
got every right to speak about it. (Applause) It is in this
context that I dare to touch upon these ideas.
My sincere thanks to Kamala Padmanabhan and Madam Sucharitha for
their kindness in inviting me to this place, and Mr. Vinayak who
made all transport arrangements and who has taken care of me from
breakfast until I depart. He is a good man. He is a role model
from whom we can learn much. I also thank my good friend, Sri
Narasimha Murthy. I am also so glad to see some of the old faces
here with whom I mingled for six years when I was on this campus.
I conclude, praying that Bhagavan’s choicest blessings be showered
on each and every one of you in this happy new year of 2003.
Anil Kumar concluded his talk by singing the bhajan, “Bhajamana
Narayana Narayana Narayana”.
JAI BOLO BHAGAVAN SRI SATHYA SAI BABA JI KI!!
JAI BOLO BHAGAVAN SRI SATHYA SAI BABA JI KI!!