Anil Kumar's Sunday Satsang at
February 23, 2003
The Sunday Talk Given by Anil Kumar
“Dynamics of Life”
February 23rd, 2003
OM… OM… OM…
With Pranams at the Lotus Feet of Bhagavan,
Dear Brothers and Sisters,
The topic that I have chosen for this morning is “Dynamics of
Life”. Dynamics of Life – this particular topic is chosen in the
light of the fast approaching Sivarathri festival (a religious
observance held to honour Siva – the third God of the Hindu
Trinity - on the 14th day of the last half of the waning moon,
usually in February). This needs to be discussed at length so that
we will have a true celebration and a true observance of the
Sivarathri festival. My friends! What do I mean by "Dynamics of
Myriad ways of manifestation
First point: Life is the same, but its manifestation and
expression differs. That is all. It is similar to the kinetic
energy, or cosmic energy, which remains the same, though it may
express or manifest itself in a myriad ways to be useful to
Therefore, for identification or acquaintance, for utility or
social purposes, life manifests itself in different ways. But
basically life is one and the same. This life, we can call it
‘energy’. In a wider sense, we may call it: cosmic energy, radiant
energy, vibrant energy, or vital force.
You can give it any name that you like. But the fact is that this
life expresses and manifests itself even in inert matter. This
inert matter may look lifeless; but truly speaking, inert matter
is full of atoms, molecules, electrons, neutrons and protons,
which revolve in different orbits at high speeds. It may seem to
be inert or passive. It may look dull, yet it has the principle of
life within. It has minute particles that move, actively
liberating energy. So this is not matter; this is energy. And that
energy is life. And that energy is dynamic energy, radiant energy.
Mineral matter has life. Then if we go to the plant kingdom the
concept of ‘energy’ can be explained as follows: In plants, the
shoot and the root express innate life energy. The flowers and the
fruits are the expression of the life energy of a tree. The
expression is at a higher level in a plant.
Moreover, when we come to the animal kingdom, the expression of
life is much more prevalent than in mineral matter or in the plant
kingdom. The animal has a circulatory system, a nervous system, a
sensory system and a digestive system. So, many systems are
present, working in harmony and in perfection, in a sequential
order without any discord. So, this life energy is expressed more
widely, and in a big way, in the animal world.
When you come to mankind, we find that life, the energy, manifests
itself one hundred percent. The manifestation of life force, life
energy or cosmic energy is one hundred percent in mankind. That’s
the reason why in almost all of the discourses of Bhagavan, He
necessarily mentions that human life is the rarest of all. Human
life is the noblest of all.
Purpose of life
Being the recipients of human life, the rarest and noblest of all,
the purpose of life is very important. It is enough if mineral
matter exists. Nothing more is expected out of it. I don’t expect
this plate to become some other object. No. I don’t expect this
glass to become something else. No. Least is expected from matter.
If it continues existing, that in itself is enough; whereas from a
tree, a little more is expected - like fruits, the flowers and
From animals, something more is expected - responses to stimuli, a
particular value system: dogs represent faith and unity; the
eagle, shrewdness; the donkey, forbearance. A little more is
expected from the animal kingdom when compared to the plant
Coming to the human world, one hundred percent perfection is
expected from man. One hundred percent expression of Divinity, the
life force, the vital energy, is expected from man. But it is not
happening. Why? Instead of looking up, we are trying to look down.
In the context of evolution, biologists would certainly say that
mineral matter, the plant world, the animal world, and human
society have progressed, have evolved, in due course of time. But
we do not seem to have the consciousness or awareness of that
evolution. So we look down.
As I look down, immediately below me, I find the animal world
(referring to the order of evolution). Therefore, I find the
animal in me expressing itself. So, we show more of the tendencies
of the animal, and not that of a human being. That’s the reason
why Bhagavan Baba started ‘Education in Human Values’. What a pity
it is! We have to be taught education in human values today. What
is the reason? We are sufficiently educated in inhuman values. We
are sufficiently well versed in animal values. But human values
are missing. So, my friends, the life energy - the dynamics of
life - calls for expression of human values to its maximum, to its
zenith, to the utmost. This is because a human being is further
endowed, having certain extra faculties.
It’s just the mind!
Second Point: A human being is endowed with intellect. This
intellect does not operate in the plant world or in the animal
world. Intellect is an extra faculty given to mankind. Mind is
present in animals too. However, intellect is an extra faculty
given to man alone. Nevertheless, we have not been able to make
use of this intellect - that is why our journey is backward and
And most of us also are not aware of the intellect because we are
very happy with the mind. It is very convenient to be with the
mind. It is so beautiful to be of the mind, by the mind and for
the mind: Manomoolam idham jagath, meaning, ‘the whole universe is
based on the mind’. The whole world is just the mind, that’s all.
Other than the mind, there is no world at all. Is that true?
Well, it may sound senseless. A simple example: When you are fast
asleep, snoring and dreamless, you can take it from me that in
that deep sleep state, the mind is missing. The mind is passive or
absent. In that state, where is the world? After a long day’s
strenuous and laborious work, physically tired, I fall asleep
forgetting my surroundings and the workplace. When I am fast
asleep, I have lost myself, or forgotten myself, and also what
happened in the world. Where is the world? No world. Anyone may
come and behead me. Anyone may come and kill me. I will not know
because the mind is missing; it is in a deep sleep state. Once I
am back to my waking state, to my consciousness, once my mind is
alert, then the world reappears.
So, what is the world? Mind is the world. World is the mind. So,
we cannot say any longer, “Never mind” (Laughter), because if I
say, “Never mind”, there is no world. Therefore, mind is the
world. Mind is time.
Mind is time because, suppose I ask you, “At what time did you
fall asleep?” You can only tell me when you went to bed. But you
cannot tell me the exact time when you were fast asleep.
(Laughter). Can you say, “I will sleep for an hour and then get
up”? How do you know when the hour has passed? Unless you set the
alarm, you will not know when the hour is up.
So, you cannot say exactly when you are in the deep sleep state.
You cannot say the length of time that you will sleep. No,
impossible. Why? The mind is non-functional in deep sleep. So,
time consciousness or time awareness arises when the mind is alert
and active. So, mind is the world, and mind is time.
Mind is pseudo
Third point: Mind is the experience. Mind is the experience, but
not the experiencer. I am very careful about this. Please, please
don’t misunderstand me. Mind is the experience, not the
experiencer. The experiencer is different. It is something like a
film projected on the screen, which is different from me, who
watches that scene. Am I clear? Films are projected on the screen.
Yes, you agree. But I see the film. I am different. Similarly,
mind is experience. But the experiencer is different. We will come
to that later. Mind is the experience.
What sort of experience? Good and evil, success and failure, sweet
and sour, hot and cold – all opposites. All that is paradoxical,
with opposite polarities are the experiences of the mind. So mind
is the experience, which is dual. Dual experiences relate to the
Then what else is the mind? The mind is the one (rather similar to
a thing) that appears to exist, but which in reality is not in
existence. (I am not trying to confuse you. All these ideas are
from Swami’s literature.)
I don’t mind repeating again and again that I am a student of
botany, and not a student of philosophy. Thank God (Laughter)!
Because if I had read extensively in philosophy, that would have
confused me much more. That would have led to a situation where
the hall would be totally empty! (Laughter). But because I belong
to the science faculty, being basically a biologist, my thoughts
are very clear.
And Swami’s message is very strong. The little I know, I know well
and I know for sure. Therefore, I am a good communicator. Extra
knowledge amounts to confusion confounded. Thank God it’s not like
that. In that case, you would have been dumbfounded. Well, that
has not happened. So you can be very clear about the mind being
non-existent, but appearing to exist.
‘Pseudo’ is the technical word. ‘Pseudo’ means ‘false’. Not ‘judo’
- that is different (Laughter). ‘Pseudo’ mind may make you take up
judo -- that’s a different thing. ‘Pseudo’ means ‘false thing’.
Why do I say that? If the mind is real, it should be there all the
time. Isn’t that so? As I said a moment ago, in deep sleep there
is no mind. If mind is permanent, if mind is existent, it should
continue to be there in deep sleep also. It’s not there. So, mind
is non-existent, but appears to have existence.
‘No Mind’ state
OK, who brought the mind? What is the composition of the mind?
Doctors can give you the composition of the brain, but not the
composition of the mind. In the composition of the brain, and in
brain surgery, we know whether it is the left or the right brain
that is being operated upon. That’s what happened to the mother of
one film actress, Sri Devi from India. The mother was operated
upon in America. Instead of operating on the left part of the
brain, it was the right part, following which the patient left
this world to rest comfortably in heaven (Laughter). The mind went
there, totally happy (Laughter). So, doctors would be able to tell
you about the brain, but that is all -- not the mind. So, I can
say that about the brain.
However, what is the mind? The mind is nothing but a bundle of
thoughts. A bundle of thoughts! “Oh Sir, is that so?” Yes. When
there are no thoughts, there is no mind. The cloth is made up of
threads. Once the threads are removed, there is no cloth, either
in Australia or in America (Laughter). Whatever the place, cloth
becomes cloth when threads are closely interwoven, interspersed.
When the threads are unwoven and dispersed, the cloth is no more.
Similarly, once the thoughts are gone or withdrawn, when thoughts
are checked or kept under control, we reach a ‘no mind’ state.
Please note that it is ‘no mind’ and not a ‘know mind’. It is not
a ‘never mind’ state. Because ‘never mind’ state is indifference,
impertinence and nonsense. So, I am not speaking of a ‘never mind’
state, but of the ‘no mind’ state.
So, ‘no mind’ state exists. There is no mind at all once the
thoughts are withdrawn. How to control the thoughts? That’s the
first question. Very nice if there is no mind, good! How to do
this? How to see that there will be no thoughts? It is a big
problem because “a man’s empty head is the devil’s workshop”. The
more I want to control my thoughts, the more the thoughts come in
sequence. This is everybody’s experience who decides to meditate.
If they didn’t meditate, at least they would have been
comfortable! (Laughter) In the name of meditation, thoughts
disturb a person more than otherwise. If we are honest, we have to
accept it (Laughter). While talking to you, at least I am
concentrating on the subject. While listening to me, you are
concentrating on the point I have been talking about. But when
both of us sit silently for five minutes, we think of five hundred
nonsensical things (Laughter), because it is not that easy to
withdraw the process of thoughts. It is not that simple to check
the thought process.
Japa - Ajapa
How to do this? Bhagavan has told us how in simple words. Sage
Ramana Maharshi also gave a beautiful formula, which I want all of
us to try, including myself here. When I say this, I am not saying
it as a teacher with standing in this subject. Certainly not. I am
not speaking with authority based on experience. Definitely not.
What I am doing is providing you with data collected from Sai
literature, just as the computer does. That’s all. Therefore, what
is it that Ramana Maharshi has said?
Yesterday I was talking to our friends and I wish to repeat it
here. As you sit for meditation, as you start counting, as you
start repeating His Holy Name, “Sai Ram, Sai Ram, Sai Ram, Sai
Ram”, we keep score. Some people want to repeat it 108 times. Some
people want to repeat 1008 times. OK, whatever score or target you
have, I cannot query it. I have no authority. You are your own
judge. All right.
When you repeat God’s Name, or any mantra (a recitation of sacred
words having a vibratory power), that is called japa. Japa is
repetition of a mantra, or of any God’s Names of your choice,
based on a number -- the number of times repeated. That is why you
find some people saying the mantra, and counting the number.
Sometimes they might talk to you, while doing the mantra
mechanically (Laughter). Here is the difference: it has become a
habit. Just as some people keep on moving their legs as if they
had a problem there (Laughter), it is a habit. That’s all.
So here, I am not referring to that. The conscious, sincere act of
repeating God’s Name in a limited number is called japa. Now that
is what Sage Ramana Maharshi wants us to do. But what I do is
this: I repeat God’s Name 108 times, and then say, “That’s
finished”, and go for a hot cup of coffee!
No, don’t do that. Don’t be in a hurry, because if you are in a
hurry to have your cup of coffee, you will be waiting from number
50 for the magic number of 108 to come up (Laughter), as the
coffee is hot and waiting. So that is not the right way. Slowly,
sincerely, count, count, recount and lose yourself there. You lose
yourself so much in japa that you forget to count. You forget to
count whether it is 107 or 105 or 180. You don’t know because you
started counting, yes, but later you forgot to count. You do not
know where you left off. That’s it.
This next state is called ajapa. Ajapa is a state of repeating
God’s Name without counting. Go from japa (the first state) to
ajapa (the second state). In this state, you are no longer
counting. You do not know when the counting stopped. You simply go
on repeating God’s Name.
Then comes the third state. Now you stop repeating God’s Name. You
stop even that. There is no lip movement. There is no repetition -
verbal, vocal, by word - nothing whatsoever. But still the mantra
is going on within you. The mantra is going on within you.
Outwardly you are silent, but inwardly the mantra, the sound is
going on. Am I not right? This must have been the experience of
many people. The sound is in silence; by silence I mean that not a
word is being spoken. You are not repeating God’s name loudly. You
are not counting the times you repeat His Name. No. You are silent
with your eyes closed and your back straight.
The internal Sound
The inner sound of God’s Name goes on…Omkar (the primeval sound of
Creation). The mantra of “Om, Om, Om” (the primal sound vibration)
is going on. Where does it come from?
I say, “Om” - yes, outwardly. Who is saying “Om” inside of me? Who
is it, the one that says “Om” within you? My friend, no one says
it. It is there in you. I am not hearing my inner sound because I
am busy with my outer sound. As I am totally eloquent, as I am
grossly involved in the external sound, the inner sound is not
heard. The inner sound is kept under pressure by outer sound.
This is what noise pollution is (Laughter). This is what sound
pollution is. So, we are the cause of sound pollution. How to
avoid it? Stop. That’s the reason why all religions want silence
to be observed. All religions plead, “Silence please. Silence,
Why? Not merely that sound leads to disturbance. ‘Disturbance is
interaction with others.’ It’s not so. You are disturbed in
yourself. You are disturbing yourself by talking. You are
disturbing yourself by listening. First, don’t disturb yourself,
let alone disturbing others. The man who is disturbed within
disturbs others. The one who is calm and peaceful within will make
others calm and peaceful. Therefore, let me not be disturbed. If I
don’t want to be disturbed, what should I do? I should not talk; I
should not hear you as you talk. So, silence.
Therefore, in the state of silence, I start repeating God’s Name,
counting as I repeat, thus reaching the state of japa. When I stop
counting, I reach the state of ajapa. Then I also stop repeating
God’s Name, close my lips, and the sound goes on inside. How long?
I do not know. That is called “thapas” (heat that burns out sin
and reduces karma to ashes). So these are the three levels, my
friends: japa to ajapa to thapas. This is true way of nullifying
the effects of the mind. These are three steps to be taken to
withdraw the mind, to annihilate the mind, or to achieve control
of the thought process.
There is another method suggested. Close your eyes. You breathe
in, breathe out. “So - ham” (the sound that the breath makes as it
passes in and out). Inhalation – exhalation. Breathe in – breathe
out. This spiritual path wants us to concentrate on our breathing
process. Concentrate on the breath as it goes in and as the breath
comes out. Please note that swasa means ‘breath’ and dhyasa means
So through this concentration on breath, thoughts are arrested. My
friends, this is stated by all experts. Bhagavan has repeated it
time and again. Concentrate on the breath…“So-ham”, which results
in the withdrawal of thoughts. It results in the annihilation of
the mind, or the withdrawal of the mind.
But there is one caution. If you want to take on this breathing
exercise as a spiritual process, as a spiritual discipline
practice, then it is called pranayama. Pranayama is a breathing
exercise done in a scientific manner. But I should also tell you
what Baba said. This is dangerous. This is dangerous because if
pranayama (breathing exercises as spiritual practice) is not done
under the supervision of an expert, the nervous system will
naturally break down. There are some people whose respiratory
system has been affected. There are many people who even have
turned mad ultimately. So, leave liberation alone; let us not end
up in the lunatic asylum! (Laughter) No, no, no! Why? Why do you
want to overdo it? Why do you want to strain yourself?
There are some people who ask me, “Sir, how do I raise Kundalini?”
(the dormant spiritual energy at the base of the spinal cord) I
say, “Let it lie down there. I am not going to do it!” (Laughter)
When I don’t know of its existence, why should I unnecessarily
awaken it and bother myself. Let it lie down.
These are all exercises that I, however, do not dismiss. No. These
are not exercises that I consider low and cheap. No, certainly
not. Please don’t misunderstand me. They are spiritual practices
of a very high order. Experts, sadhakas (spiritual aspirants),
sages, saints, seers, and seekers practise them. But they are not
for ordinary people like you and me.
We are ordinary people in the sense that we have our own problems.
If I suddenly turn mad, what will happen to so many of my
commitments? (Laughter) If a fellow in the forest is wise or mad,
nobody is bothered. Good. But we people have certain
responsibilities. So, we can’t afford to fall sick. And moreover,
when there are simpler things, why should you go for something
strenuous? When there are calculators, and yet you continue to
multiply using pen and paper, what people will say? Arrrai! Use
the calculator, taka, taka… (Laughter). If we write out the whole
textbook, what will people say? Hey! Scan it into the computer,
taka! Cut, paste, it’s there! Computers! That’s all you need. So,
when there are simpler things, why do you want the hard method? In
this matter, we are faulty because the mind is always out for
Mind goes for advertisement
“You know, I have raised my Kundalini.” (Laughter)
“Oho, you have raised your Kundalini? Thank God, you have not
tried to raise my Kundalini!” (Laughter)
And there are some, on the other hand, who may say, “Do you know,
I have written the Sai Ram Name two crores (two thousand) times.”
“I see. Why not three thousand times?” (Laughter)
“I don’t know.” (Laughter)
“Why did you write it?”
“I don’t know.” (Laughter)
“Why did you tell me?”
“For you to know.” (Laughter)
This is the quality of the mind. Mind is always out for
achievement. It always wants to achieve something. It always wants
to make you special.
“Sir, last year I came to Prashanti Nilayam and attended the
Sivarathri festival. It was so nice.”
“I have been coming for 20 years!”
“Did I ask you that question?” (Laughter)
Why do you tell me your seniority status? Mind, mind! Because I
tell you, it doesn’t want to accept anybody doing something
‘Senior attending Sivarathri the most number of times (25 years)!’
Ayyayyaa! Who can help us? Who can help us? The mind is always out
for achievement and advertisement. In other words, it is ego --
the ego problem. Supposing you read a message in Swami’s book - a
wonderful idea. You want to share it with your friend.
“You know, this is a beautiful idea given by Swami here!”
“Mm… hmmm…Did you read this book? Here He mentions it in a
“The first is one way. And here is a different way. Anyway, you
should know both.” (Laughter)
It means that the mind does not want to accept that the other man
knows too. The mind is not prepared to accept that he might not
know as much. Therefore, he will tell you what you do not know,
though he himself does not know what you are talking about. This
is all the problem of the ego. That’s why we don’t grow. So, my
friends, mind is after achievement and advertisement. Mind is the
So, in human dynamics, in the dynamics of life, this important
component - the mind - when it is thoroughly analysed, when we are
critical about this mind, then we will be able to experience
realisation. We will be able to experience bliss in the true
Bhagavan Baba, in one of the discourses, told this story a long
time ago. It seems a person said, “I know yoga (conquest of senses
leading to union with God). I have practised yoga for 25 years.
Tomorrow in the auditorium at 5 o’ clock, there will be a display
of my yoga. The charge is 25 rupees each.” A display of yoga,
after all, is not for 25 rupees!
That’s what Swami said. A man began yogic exercises for the
purpose of collecting funds. Yoga is not a fund-raising programme.
Dhyana (meditation) is not a fund-raising programme. It is not a
financial investment or a business. Therefore, we have to
understand the mind and its nature so that we can really
experience the thrill of life.
Body - the moving temple of God
Therefore, coming back to the dynamics of life, the first aspect
is the body. My friends, there are those who condemn the body. We
should not do it. We are not supposed to do it because we did not
make our body. No. The body has not come by your choice. No. So,
neglecting the human body is a sin because the body is God’s gift.
Life is God’s gift.
Some people say, “I am waiting for my death.”
My answer is, “You don’t have to wait. It is waiting to take you.”
(Laughter) Death is also in a hurry because it is fed up with this
useless man -- useless to himself and dangerous to others.
“Shouldn’t I withdraw him from this planet?” says Death.
So, it is terrible to say, “I am waiting for death. But somehow, I
keep on pulling away.” You cannot pull away by yourself because
you cannot make your heart beat. You cannot make your blood
circulate. So, how can you say, “I am pulling away?” What are you
pulling on? Nothing! (Laughter)
So, the body is God’s gift. Life is God’s gift. They should not be
condemned. They should be maintained. They should be taken care
of. You are the trustee of your body; you are the caretaker of
your life and body. Suppose I rent your home. You are my landlord.
I pay you money every month. I have to keep your house nicely. I
cannot put holes in the walls or anywhere else. I cannot remove
cupboards. No. I have to maintain it perfectly. I must hand it
back to you when you want me to vacate. Similarly, the body: I am
the caretaker of this body. I am the trustee of this body. I
cannot spoil or neglect it. I cannot claim to be the owner.
“This is my body.”
“Ah, I see! Is that your body? I see. Then do some of the things
that your body can do.”
No, I cannot dictate anything to my body. Suppose there is a
stomach ache. I can’t say, “Oh, stomach, take this ache away!” It
will increase further! (Laughter)
When there is a headache, “Oh head, be free from the headache.” It
will get worse because, when you think of the headache, it
increases. If you just divert your attention, the headache will be
less. But if you concentrate on the headache, you will give a
headache to the neighbours also. (Laughter)
Therefore, you are not the owner of this body. This body is the
temple of God. Baba said the body is the moving temple of God.
This body, which is the moving temple of God, has to be kept clean
and pure. A temple should not be kept in a dilapidated condition.
It should not be the house where bats, rats, cats, dogs or pigs
enter. The temple should be clean. Similarly, the body should be
clean and healthy. The dynamics of life want us to know the human
body as the temple of God, in full awareness that this body and
life are not the ‘be-all and end-all’. No. This body is sure to
disintegrate. This body is sure to be lost someday or another.
As Baba said, every medicine has two dates - the date of
manufacture and the date of expiry. We know our ‘date of
manufacture’ - the date of birth. We celebrate birthdays. But the
other date is not visible (Laughter). The expiry date is not
visible. That’s all. But that date is also definitely written. No
medicine can be on the market without both of these dates present.
Am I not right?
So, similarly this body is not the ‘be-all and end-all’. There is
a date of expiry. The body disintegrates day-by-day. So, it is
called ‘sareera’. Sareera means ‘that which decays or
disintegrates’. The body has another name ‘deha’. Deha means ‘that
which gets burnt’. The body will burn without any petrol added.
There is enough petrol there in the storage tank filled over the
last 70 or 80 years (depending upon the date of expiry). In
addition, while we are alive, the body gets burnt because of
worries and anxieties. In life or at death, it gets burnt. There
is disintegration; there is burning. The body has a third name,
which is ‘kshetra’. Kshetra means ‘pilgrim centre’. The body is a
pilgrim centre. It is the temple of God. It is holy.
Taming the mind
Therefore, the dynamics of life want us to know the body,
considering its ephemeral nature. At the same time, how valuable
it is! The body is like a water bubble, no doubt about that! Yet
it is precious. That is the first level.
The second level is the mind, about which we have spoken at
length. So, what shall I do with the mind? I should know, first of
all, that the mind is non-existent. I should also know that the
mind is the biggest obstacle. I should also be convinced that all
the grief, pleasure and pain are due to the mind only; that all my
problems in life are due to the mind or ego. This is the second
step of awareness in the dynamics of life.
So, what shall I do? The mind is really getting worked up. The
mind is tense. What shall I do? Come on, 9 o’ clock bhajan
(devotional singing) starts. Sit down there. Sing loudly. Don’t
grumble, whisper or murmur. Sing loudly. Yes! If the other fellow
cannot stand it, let him go. (Laughter)
Why should you sing loudly? It is so that hopeless thoughts won’t
get into the mind. If you go on singing softly, concerns about
your passport, visa and return tickets will enter the mind.
(Laughter) We may even think, “Today is pizza day. Let me be there
on time!” (Laughter) If you sing loudly, thoughts cannot enter.
Also, clap while you are singing.
Yes, here is an extra warning: If you don’t clap properly, you
will be out of time. The other man will say, “Stop! These are
bhajans.” (Laughter) Because once Swami asked, “What type of
thaalam (beat) are you doing? It is as though you are killing
You should know how to keep the beat properly. So, the mind should
be controlled. It is possible by active, enthusiastic, dynamic
participation in bhajans. And the mind can also be withdrawn
through service activity. The mind can also be withdrawn by the
reading of Sai literature. The mind can be withdrawn while looking
at His picture steadily. By repeating His Name again and again,
the mind can be withdrawn.
The mind should be put at rest because if the mind is not at rest,
the incidences of blood pressure, hypertension and cardiac arrest
go up, making a good practice for medical practitioners. All this
is because the mind has no rest. In the conscious state, I am
calculating credit, debit and the balance sheet. Even in dreams,
the balance sheets start appearing (Laughter). In dreams, too, the
mind is an accountant. In the waking state, the mind is an
auditor. So, the balance is nil!
My friends, if the mind is not at rest, people develop diabetes,
blood pressure, etc. All diseases are due to mental agitation. We
should try to control mental restlessness. To control the mind and
to keep it at rest, the only path is through bhajans, meditation,
service and the reading of Sai literature. It is that simple. Note
that the Kundalini yoga, or going to the forest, or turning your
body upside down, or going around my house 1000 times, or staying
awake throughout the night is not required to achieve this!
(Laughter) Chee, chee, chee! That will make the situation worse.
If I am simply a mad man, it is all right. Nevertheless, if a mad
man turns violent, you can understand the consequences. Things
would become much worse if we resort to those options noted above.
Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba, the Avatar of our times, has given
us homeopathy pills, very easy to swallow: the homeopathy pills of
bhajans, meditation, service activity and the wonderful Sai
literature. It is very easy.
But if you say, “Sir, I want to have surgery and an intravenous
injection instead of homeopathy pills.”
“All right.” (There are many such people.)
Therefore, the dynamics of the mind will tell us the problems and
Follow the intellect
Next one is the intellect. This intellect should be very sharp. We
should know that the intellect is decisive. The intellect is
non-dual and is always right. Why? It is close to the Self. Self
is Atma, the soul, spirit, consciousness, prajna, Brahman or
awareness, whatever name you may use. Dollars, schillings, dinars
or rupees, after all, they all refer to money, right?
So similarly, whatever name you give, it refers to the Self. And
that which is very close to the Self is the intellect. Therefore,
the intellect is always right because it is very close to Atma, as
close as the bodyguard is to the President. The bodyguard cannot
be in another village when the President is here. The bodyguard
must stand by his side. So, Self or spirit is the President and
the bodyguard is the intellect. So, the intellect is always right
because the bodyguard watches every movement of the President. He
cannot look aside or he will lose his job (Laughter). Therefore,
intellect is always correct. It reflects the spirit or the Self.
So, go by the intellect. Do what it says. Don’t question it. You
can question your mind; you can doubt your mind. But never doubt
your intellect, because it is always right.
It is like saying, “Sir, the windows are open, but there is no
Then I will say, “Please have your eyes checked. Consult an
When the doors are open, the light is sure to get in. That’s all.
Similarly, when the intellect is functional and operative and
takes charge of the reins of your life, it is bound to be one
hundred percent perfect. The reason is that it is very close to
the spirit or the Self.
Seek Him inside
The final step in the dynamics of life is the Self, the Atma,
Brahman, Prajna or awareness. And this Self is the supreme spirit
itself. It is only a witness. Picture a scenario where a sports
meeting is taking place. Boys and children are coming and going.
Many, many items are on display. We clap and we shout. We smile
and laugh. But on the dais, Bhagavan watches silently. He is the
witness. Bhagavan is the witness. So, Bhagavan is within every one
Bhagavan within is spirit. Bhagavan outside is Sathya Sai Baba.
That’s all. We call Him Sathya Sai Baba when He is outside. We
call Him spirit when He is inside. Am I clear? But Sathya Sai Baba
outside has darshan times (when we can see the form of the Lord
and receive His blessings). Sathya Sai Baba outside may go to
Kodaikanal or Bangalore. But the same Sathya Sai Baba is in you as
the soul, the spirit or consciousness. The spirit cannot be
distant from you. You will not be distant from Him because you and
He are One. That is the pinnacle. You and He are One.
There is no doubt about it. For example, there are people who want
to run after Him. Impossible! Some people ask me, “When is He
going to Bangalore?”
I say, “What do you do when He is here?” (Laughter)
Some people ask me, "When is He going to Kerala?”
I say, “I don’t have His programme sheet with me. Whether He goes
or not, what should it matter to you?”
Why do I say that? We should see Him inside. We see Him outside to
experience Him inside. Please understand this, friends! We see Him
outside to experience Him inside. Experience is inside. That’s
all. Suppose I eat a sweet. The taste is known inside, not
outside. Suppose I hold in my hand a pie, a doughnut or a sweet –
or a Gulab jamun. Abba…very sweet! “How can that it be sweet?” No!
Put it in your mouth and taste it. Sweetness is inside. Sweet is
outside. Am I clear? All right!
I have seen Sai Baba outside. Very good! But the sight is inside.
The scene is outside. The sight is inside. Sweet is outside.
Sweetness is inside. Therefore, my friends! Bhagavan Sri Sathya
Sai Baba or God or Paramatma is outside so that we can experience
Him inside as spirit. One is the object, while the other is the
reflection. God outside has a Name -- His Name, Sathya Sai Baba.
God outside has a Name and a Form. But the same God inside is
nameless and is formless.
So, the true spiritual path is to realise this fact: to move from
Form outside to formlessness inside, and from Name outside to
namelessness inside is. Please understand. These are the dynamics
of life and the dynamics of Sanathana Dharma (the eternal path of
righteousness), which is the Vedanta of life.
Significance of Sivarathri
As we are very close to Sivarathri, I wish you all a holy festival
and a happy, fruitful, meaningful time during the festival.
Sivarathri is the combination of matter and energy. Matter is
Parvati (Siva’s consort – the Mother of the Universe). Energy is
Siva. This is something like the electric wire and the current.
The wire without the current is useless. Mere current without the
wire is hopeless. So, we need the wire and the current. The wire
is Parvati. The current is Siva. Parvati is matter. Siva is
energy. Parvati and Siva, matter and energy, are both responsible
for the whole of Creation.
Tandava is the celestial dance, the cosmic dance of Siva and
Parvati, the energy and matter responsible for all creation. The
matter and energy are together. The matter is not at one place and
energy at another. They are together. That is Arthanaareeswara
(the deity represented as half-woman and half-man). This is the
persona of Lord Siva. If it was true literally, in physical
form…fundamentalists must excuse me...that creature would be
horrible to look at. It is non-existent. It is only symbolic, just
as a national flag is the symbol of the nation, or currency is the
symbol of economy and wealth. Half-man and half-woman is symbolic.
Purusha (Self in man) and matter -- the man and woman existing
together is the message of Sivarathri.
And Sivarathri has another special significance. It is rathri (the
night) when we are on vigil, awake throughout the night and
participating in bhajans. Night symbolises darkness. When we think
of God, you have the light of the Self-knowledge. Self-knowledge
is the light shed in the darkness of the night during Sivarathri.
And Sivarathri also means ‘auspiciousness’ or Sivam.
So long as I am here, people respect me saying, “Sai Ram!” and all
that. Bhagavan uses an example. It seems a rich man, a diamond
merchant, died, and the body was being taken to the cremation
ground. Suddenly it started to rain heavily. People were going
along the main street. Suddenly they saw a shop. They asked the
shopkeeper, “Sir, can we leave the body for a while in the shop as
it is raining heavily?”
The owner of the shop replied, “Shut up! What do you mean? You
want to keep a dead body in my shop? Get out, useless fellows!”
All right, they left, still carrying the body of the rich man
while it was raining. Another man came and said to the owner of
the shop, “Sir, I am going to the temple and I am wearing a new
pair of chapels (footwear). It is raining heavily. May I leave my
footwear in your shop?” (The temple is the most probable place
where we lose our footwear (Laughter). That is the surest sign of
having visited a temple. Nobody will doubt you. You have lost your
shoes? Must be at the temple. No problem!) (Laughter)
The shop owner replied, “Oh sir, why not? Welcome! Welcome!”
Baba says that the body of the richest man does not even have the
value of a pair of shoes after his death. Please understand! Once
the auspicious life principle has gone, it is Savam (a dead body).
Sivam is auspicious. So, Sivarathri is the celebration of
auspiciousness, of the life principle within us.
Various names of Siva
And Lord Siva, in some scriptures, is said to have five heads,
Panchaanana (five), Panchamukha (five heads). What are they? They
are the five elements. The five elements are His five heads
because if there were a person with five heads, we wouldn’t go to
him at all! (Laughter) With just one head we are already tired.
Why have five heads? (Laughter). Therefore, the five heads
represent the five elements of Nature.
In some scriptures, they say Siva has four heads -- only four:
Uthsaaham, Mangalam, Dhairyam, Mrithyunjaya (standing for
activity, auspiciousness, courage and Immortality). Those are the
auspicious and Divine qualities. And Lord Siva has another name.
That name is Kamahari, meaning ‘who kills the desire’ or ‘who is
desireless’. Siva is desireless. He is also deathless.
Mrithyunjaya means immortal. So, we will all be immortal if we
conquer desire. Desireless Siva is immortal. The one who is
without desire is immortal.
What is death? Desire is death. What is deathlessness? It is being
without desire. What is the cause for birth? Desire. So, in order
to be unborn and therefore deathless, we should be desireless, and
not senseless (Laughter).
So, Sivarathri calls for having no desires. And Lord Siva is
always portrayed with a begging bowl, though He is a very close
friend of the richest man, by name of Kubera -- the richest man,
richer than the International Monetary Fund, IMF (Laughter)!
Though Siva is the closest friend of the richest man, He is always
with a begging bowl. Why? Plenty, prosperity, affluence and
property are all obstacles to realization. So Siva holding a
begging bowl speaks of detachment and renunciation. Siva
symbolises a renunciant nature. That is Sivarathri.
Lord Siva has water (Ganga) on His head and fire at His centre.
Fire and water are opposites. Both are in Him: the fire that burns
and the water that holds life. Sustenance and annihilation are
both together. Life and death go together. One can live without
food. One cannot live without water. So, water is life; fire is
death. Life and death go together. Death always follows like a
Also Siva is said to have three eyes: trinetra, meaning the past,
present and future. And Siva always wears the sacred ash or
vibhuthi on His temple. It means that everything will be reduced
to ash. If you burn ash, it remains ash. Ash has no other form.
Ash is the ultimate form. So, Lord Siva will tell you that is the
ultimate. Understand it. And Sivam, being awareness, alertness and
auspiciousness, confers Sath-Chith-Ananda (Being, Awareness,
Bliss). It confers on everybody the abiding bliss that is
non-dual, supreme and eternal. On Mahasivarathri (the Great
Sivarathri festival held on the 14th day of the last half of the
waning moon, usually in February), we are going to get Brahmananda
(transcendental bliss), Advaithananda (the bliss of being the One
and Only) and Paramananda (supreme bliss).
Siva is worshipped in the form of lingam. Lingam is the form of
Siva. Lingam means in Sanskrit a sign, a symbol. It also means
‘That into which everything merges, the ultimate’. So Lingam is
the ultimate into which everything merges. Leeyathe gamyam ithi
Lingam. Everything merges into the Lingam. So, on Sivarathri we
worship the lingam with the total understanding that ‘I am from
God, I am in God, I will go back to God’. That is the supreme
realization in the celebration of Sivarathri, the most sacred
festival. In the Siva temple, we find the bull at the front,
Nandi, who always looks at Siva in full concentration. It only
means: look to God in full concentration, in steadiness.
My friends, there are a number of things associated with the
celebration of Sivarathri. It is the day of enlightenment: Jnana
linga. It is the day of supreme bliss: Sadasiva linga. It is the
day of the sustenance of life: Andapindabrahmanda linga. It is the
day of illumination, brilliance: Jyothirlinga.
May all these aspects of multi-faceted, multidimensional spiritual
knowledge and experience be with you forever and ever more! Sai
Om Asathoma Sadgamaya
Om Loka Samastha Sukhino Bhavantu
Loka Samastha Sukhino Bhavantu
Loka Samastha Sukhino Bhavantu
Om Shanti Shanti Shanti
Jai Bolo Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba Ji Ki Jai!
Jai Bolo Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba Ji Ki Jai!
Jai Bolo Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba Ji Ki Jai!
Thank you! Sai Ram!