Sai Baba Sri Sathya Sai Baba

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Sri Sathya Sai Baba Articles

  Anil Kumar's Sunday Satsang at Prasanthi Nilayam
December 2, 2001

The Sunday Talk Given by Anil Kumar on 02-12-2001

"Be and Don’t Be, Do and Don’t Do"

December 2nd, 2001


Divine (16 chapter of Gita)
1) Abhayam - Fearlessness
2) Satwasamsuddhi - Perfect Purity of Mind
3) Jnana Yoga Vyavasthita - Excellence of Jnana
4) Damam - Control of External Organs
5) Danam - Charity 
6) Yagna - Jnana Yagna
7) Swadhyaya - Study of the Self 
8) Thapa - Purity of Thought, Word, Deed.
9) Arjavam - Straightforwardness
10) Ahimsa - Non-Violence
11) Sathyam - Truth 
12) Akrodha - Calm (not angry)
13) Thyaga - Sacrifice
14) Shanti - Peace 
15) Apysunam - Not Carrying Tales
16) Dayabhutheshu - Kindness - Compassion
17) Alolatvam - Non Indulgence of the Senses
18) Mardawan - Gentleness in Word/Deed
19) Hree - Ashamed of Lies / Harm
20) Achapalam - Controling Wavering Mind
21) Theja - Brilliance
22) Dhruthi - Firm
23) Sowcham - External - Internal Purity
24) Adroha - Abandoning Hatred/Betrayal
25) Nathimanitha- Not Proud That We Should Be Adored
Moksha - Liberation

1) Dambha - Pomp
2) Darpa - Ego / Self-Conceit
3) Krodha - Anger
4) Parushyam - Harshness
5) Ajnanam - Ignorance
6) Abhimanscha - Possessiveness - Mine
Bandha - Bondage


Be Divine and Don’t Be Demonic

Dear Brothers and Sisters!

I'm so happy to be back this morning and I would like to share with you certain important points. This morning’s topic as you can see is: "Be and Don’t Be, Do and Don’t Do." That is the topic.

"Be and Don’t Be." It seems to be contradictory. But life is a matter of contradictions. Life is paradoxical. Life is dialectic. Sometimes life is diabolical! Joy in life consists in bringing the two polarities together. We cannot altogether forget the obverse and take into account only the reverse. The two sides of the coin belong to one and the same coin. So when I say, "Be and do not be," I mean let us try to be aware of what we have got to be. And also let us be aware of what we should not be.

I am speaking of awareness, of being aware. This is what I want to draw your attention to this morning: being aware of what we have to be and being aware of what we should not be. The theme of this topic is taken from the 16th chapter of the Bhagavad Githa. This 16th chapter of the Bhagavad Githa has provided the theme for this morning’s talk, "Be and Don’t Be."

So, what should you be and what should you not be? Githa always says that you should be Divine. Be Divine. Be Divine and don’t be demonic. That is the theme of this talk: Be Divine and don’t be demonic. Where is the demon? Where is the Divine? How to be Divine? How not to be demonic? These are the things that we have got to answer. Let us think together along this particular direction of thought this morning.

Bhagavan said at one time that there is the animal within us, the demon within us, the human within us, and also the Divine within us. All these four are present in everyone. First, the animal within us: 'Janthu Manava'. 'Janthu, means ‘animal’, while 'Manava' means ‘man’ or ‘human’.

So there is the animal within everyone. How do you say that? A wavering mind is of the nature of the monkey. Wavering looks or the absence of concentration, the absence of steadiness, is the quality of a crow. Laziness, spending time in an idle way, is the quality of a buffalo. Therefore, we have and we see that almost all fellows have these buffalo characteristics!

So animal characteristics are within me. It is not that I have grown above the 'Janthu Manava' or animal in man. Those who are not aware of this are comfortable. When we are aware of this, we feel disgusted, vexed, and frustrated. So first we want to make an attempt to be away from the animal within us.

The second point Bhagavan said is that there is the demon in man! The demon in man refers to all the genocide, the atrocities, the setting things on fire, the dropping of missiles, the heavy bombings and killings of people; harming others or being violent. These are all the demonic qualities. It is demonic to try to kill as many people as possible and to be happy when others are unhappy. This is a demonic temperament. The demon in me makes me violent. The demon in me makes me want to hurt everybody. The demon in me wants me to be harmful to everybody. So, this is the demon in me.

So, first there is the animal within me and then the demon within me. Thirdly, there is the human within me, 'Manava manava'. The first category is 'Jantu Manava', animal within man. The second classification of the demon in me is 'Danava Manava'. The third category is 'Manava Manava' or the human within me.

I'm also human. I'm considerate; I have concern; I sympathize; I share with everybody; I rejoice. So, there is the human element in me, the human within me. Finally, there is the Divine, 'Divya Manava'. The Divine is within me. There is God in me. I'm basically Divine. So my friends, we are not one, but four: the animal within me, the demon within me, the human within me, and the Divine within me. As a human, we are not aware of the other three.

Basically, all the four could be summed up into three, according to Bhagavan. At one time, He said four. Now, the human I already know. What are the other three? 4 - 1 (the human quality I already know) = 3. If we take out the human, three are remaining in me: animal, demon, and the Divine. Thus we can safely name it M-B-A. This is not Master of Business Administration! MBA is a qualification. MBA is a degree, which will give us a keynote to the theme of this morning’s topic.

MBA: Mind, Body, Atma

MBA: ‘M’ for ‘mind’, ‘B’ for ‘body’, ‘A’ for ‘Atma’. It has nothing to do with getting a Master of Business degree, nothing at all. ‘M’ is for mind, ‘B’ for body, and ‘A’ for Atma or the Spirit, Self, Consciousness, or whatever you may call it. The one who follows the mind is a demon. The one who follows the body is an animal. The one who follows Atma is Divine. I think I'm clear. If I follow Atma or the Self, I'm Divine, I am Atma. If I follow B, the body, I'm an animal. If I follow M, the mind, I'm a demon. The three, MBA, are three characteristics or qualities that are in man, Manava.

Now "Be and don’t be" means be Divine, follow Atma, but don’t follow the mind and be demonic. So, don’t follow the mind and don’t follow the body. Just follow the Divine. Follow the Divine! If you follow the body, you are just an animal, as Bhagavan has said.

My friends, I never dream, in the worst of my dreams that I stand on a higher pedestal than any one of you here. Not even for fun or as a joke would I ever think that I know more than any of you know, no! Every session here is a bi-directional flow of ideas. We are sharing what Bhagavan has said to us on different occasions. No one knows more than anyone else. We are all uniform.

Therefore, Bhagavan said that you are an animal if you are after external things. He said, ‘Pasyatiti pasuhu’. It refers to a cow that runs after green grass. Seeing the grass, the cow runs faster to partake of it. So, the man who wants to grab everything that he sees, everything that he watches, who wants to grab and possess all that he sees, is an animal. So, don’t be the letter ‘B’ that stands for the body, the animal quality.

The second is, "Don’t follow the mind." Mind is full of turbulence like the raging waves, full of disturbance. At the time of the storm, during the times of the whirlwind, at the times of gusting winds, terrific rains, huge downpours, cyclones, thunder and lightening, we find the waves rising up and down. That is the state of the human mind. Our mind is never still. Our mind is never calm. So we say, "Never mind." (Laughter) It is not so!

We should know our state of mind. Particularly when I sit for meditation, the mind invites and welcomes all those thoughts that are not required. Meditation is the time when mind wants to take the best advantage of you. Because you are seated, it can do anything that it likes. It will take a good ride with you! Hence, most of our meditations have not been successful. The meditative processes have not been successful, rather they have been an utter failure because the mind dominates.

I sit calmly. I think of morning coffee. I sit for meditation. I think of the dhobi, the washerman, whether he’ll bring me my ironed clothes on time or not. I'm very much worried about my return tickets and flight reservations and the expiry date of my visa. I think about my children over there while I am here. But my body is siting nice and straight in meditation. Horrible!

So long as we are dominated by the mind, so long as we allow ourselves to be played upon by the mind, we are demons. So, remember in "Be and Don’t Be"!! ‘M’ is for the mind. Do not be a demon, but be Atma, the Self, or the Divine. That is MBA. ‘M’ is for the mind. He who follows the mind is a demon and ‘B’ is for the body. He who follows the body is an animal. Finally, ‘A’ stands for Atma. He who follows the Self or Atma is Divine.

I'm sure, my brothers and sisters, that you’ll pardon me if I'm rather slow or if I repeat things because I have been a teacher for the last four decades. Old habits die hard. You should also pardon me for making it a regular lecture class and not an exercise of oration, which I did earlier. But it is time to be serious on certain things. We have got to be serious. We cannot be carried away by our talent and ego-selves. We have got to be serious. Some day or other we have got to put His teachings into practice in our lives.

Characteristics of Divinity

Now, what are the characteristics of the Divinity? Be Divine! Yes, be Divine; don’t be demonic: Be and don’t be! So be Divine, be Divine! Am I not Divine? You are! Then why do you want me to be Divine, as if I'm not? I am Divine, but why do you say, "Be Divine"? Because I'm not aware of my own Divinity. I'm not sure of my own Divinity. I doubt my Divinity and I'm not certain of my Divinity, Therefore, to be Divine, be sure, realize, and experience.

To be Divine is not an achievement. To be Divine is not an accomplishment. To be Divine, there’s nothing new in it. It is only awareness. It is only realization. It is only experiencing what I have been all through. What you are already is not anything new. Therefore, my friends, ‘Be Divine’ means what?

Bhagavad Githa is so exhaustive, so explanatory, so kind and informative, so instructive! It states that there are 25 qualities that are Divine. So, there are 25 qualities of the Divine. As there are 25 qualities, is it possible to cultivate them all? Is it possible to follow them all? No! They are already there. We are only misusing, diverting, perverting, and misdirecting them, that’s all. They’re already in existence. We were born with them. But with the passage of time, as we became selfish, more possessive and egoistic, we acquired dirty habits. That’s all. Good habits need not be cultivated. We are born with good habits, but we cultivate bad habits. I think you’ll agree with me. Bad habits we cultivate, while we are born with good habits.

You may ask, "How do you say that?" Here is a simple example. Bhagavan said, "This cloth is white. The tablecloth here is bright and white. As you use it every day, it turns dirty. It turns black in color. But the black color and the dirt were not there in the beginning. They have come there because of use. Similarly, the bad qualities are acquired. Bad qualities are cultivated. Why? Due to selfishness, possessiveness, and ego. But originally, we are born good. God was so kind to have allowed us to come into this world with all the Divine qualities. But we have forgotten them. So what are they? Let us look at them, one after the other.

1) Fearlessness

Abhayam is the first quality, the quality of ‘fearlessness’. If you follow spirituality, if I present myself as a devotee, to be fearful is a sign of weakness. I don’t need to fear anybody if I'm a true devotee. But because I'm not sure of God, I fear. It is something like this simple example: A child in the company of the mother is so courageous. If I were to say, "I’ll beat you," the boy will say, "I’ll beat you first!" because he’s by the side of his mother. When once the child is away from the mother, he’ll be more careful! He may even run away immediately. He will start crying just when he sees you, as if you have already beaten him black-and-blue. Yet you have not said anything. Thus, the child feels so secure while walking by the side of the mother. At that time, he is ready to say anything to you.

Similarly, as children of Sai, when we are sure that Bhagavan is by our side, we don’t need to fear. Further Baba said, "Why fear when I am here?" We fear because we don’t know that He is there. We fear because we are not aware that He is there. When once I'm sure Baba is by my side, that He’s there, then "Why fear when I am here?" Fearlessness is the first Divine quality.

Bhagavad Githa further says that fear is a sign of weakness. Fear is so mean: ‘Kshudram Hridaya Daubalyam’. It is so mean to be fearful. Some people are afraid of police people. Some are frightened of income tax people or the commercial tax people. We’re afraid of everybody, according to Bhagavan. Why fear? Swami gives the answer. Where there is a mistake, there is fear. So my friends, let us not commit any mistakes so that we don’t need to fear anybody.

I have written on this board in green letters the Sanskrit terms and in red letters their respective meanings. As some of you may be interested to also know the Sanskrit terms, therefore I have written them all here. (See the attached chart.)

The Second Divine Quality: Purity of Mind

The second Divine quality is Satwa Samsuddhi, which means ‘perfect purity of mind’. That purity leads to Unity and Unity takes us to Divinity, as Bhagavan has said. There’s no unity among us because there’s no purity. Because of the lack of unity, we don’t have Divinity. So, having purity of mind is a prerequisite and is the fundamental requirement for having that final Divinity. As Bhagavan says, "Purity, Unity, Divinity."

So, this purity is Satwa Samsuddhi. My mind is pure when I am happy. When others are happy, my mind is pure. But today it is not like that. I'm happy when you’re unhappy. Yes. That is not purity. Purity lies in sharing. Purity lies in loving. Purity lies in caring. Caring, loving, and sharing are the features of a pure mind. That is the second quality, Satwa Samsuddhi.

The Third Divine Quality: Real Jnana Is Knowledge of the Self

Jnana Yoga Vyavasthita is the third Divine quality. What do you mean by that? Jnana is knowledge. We have got the knowledge of everything in this world. I have the knowledge of how to reach the moon within no time. I have the knowledge about this latest development of cloning. I can make 100 people of your type, so that you yourself do not know who you are! (Laughter) (Cloning is very popular just now. As if the world is free from the population problem, we want to make it further miserable by taking to cloning!)

People say that Bin Laden has got ten ‘Ladens’ of his type (Laughter), so that no one knows who is the actual Bin Laden. So whether he’s killed or not, we won’t know. Laden has brought our attention to so many most undesirable and demonic mysteries in man.

So the point is, this state of what you call excellence of Jnana has nothing to do with science, nothing to do with technology, nothing to do with agriculture or horticulture or tissue culture. Nothing at all to do with any of that. Jnana is knowledge of the Self. Jnana Yoga Vyavasthita means ‘excellence of Jnana’. Excellence of Jnana means being in the awareness of the Self.

As Bhagavan puts it in all of His discourses, "Who am I? Who am I?" The answer to that "Who am I?" is real Jnana, Jnana Yoga Vyavasthita. Awareness of the Self, that is the Divine quality.

How do you say that? Here is a simple example. When a snake was killed, Mahatma Gandhiji fasted that night. He didn’t have food. Next morning somebody asked, "Gandhiji, why did you fast last night?" He said, "You have killed a snake there. And the snake did not do any harm to you. Yet you have killed it. Therefore, I punished myself." He could see the Divine Spirit there in that snake. Mother Theresa could not bear to see the suffering of anybody. She cared for those who were forlorn, those who were uncared for, those who were neglected. Why? She felt that Divinity, that kinship of Oneness.

Take for example Shirdi Bhagavan. When a dog was beaten over there with a cane, they found cane marks on Shirdi’s back! That is the true identity with the Self. The vesture or upaadhi or body may change, but basically the Self is one and the same. When once a buffalo was beaten with a cane, they found cane stripes on the back of Shirdi Bhagavan. Why? There was the same identity of the Self.

So, the real Jnana is knowledge of the Self. That is the Divine quality. "Sir, I have got a Ph.D. in Computer Science." OK, you are a human, but not Divine. "I'm B.Sc. in Psychology." Oh, very fine! Do not be psychic. So, these claims of the acquisition of secular knowledge, of science and technology are all only worldly knowledge. But the real knowledge is this Divine quality of the knowledge of the Self.

The Fourth Divine Quality: Control of External Senses

The fourth Divine quality is Damam. Damam means the control of the external senses. Dama is to control the external senses. Is it possible? Some people ask me, "Sir, is it possible to control the senses? Is that really possible?" Bhagavan is so kind. He gave us a clue to follow. Bhagavad Githa says, "Exercise control over the senses." The Ten Commandments say, "Control your senses." Koran says, "Control your senses." Everyone says ‘control’, but I have no control over my own body!

How to control the senses? No one says. No one tells you how to control! OK, there’s no control to these words! But how to control? No one says because nobody ever controlled! (Laughter) Nobody ever controlled! It is so easy to say, "Control." But in Bhagavad Githa, Krishna said, "Control your senses." Arjuna, being smart and intelligent, could control. He knew the technique. But we are not all Arjunas. We are not that smart. After all, our God has to come down to our level and tell us the procedure also. Arjuna need not be told of the procedure! He can proceed on his own. But we need a procedure.

How to control the senses? Please take it from me: Bhagavad Githa has not told how in all of the 18 chapters. It goes on telling, "Control, control." OK, thank you! I have learned by heart that sloka and I repeat, ‘Control the senses," as if I have controlled them. No, it is not this! We know the word ‘control’, but we do not know the technique of how to do it. We know the meaning of the words, but we have not practiced it. We know the goal, but we don’t know the way to get there.

But Bhagavan tells us in a beautiful way, "Control of the external organs." What are the external organs? Our ears, our eyes, our legs, and our hands - these are all external. The senses of action are the Karmendriyas. How to control these senses of action? Bhagavan tells us the technique. What is it?

See no evil. See what is good.

Do no evil. Do what is good.

Hear no evil. Hear what is good.

Think no evil. Think what is good.

That’s it. So, how to control? "See no evil. See what is good." That’s good. But we want to see bad and yet still want to control. How is it possible? "Hear no evil. Hear what is good." But we listen to only bad things. Still we want to control hearing. Is that possible? So Bhagavan has given us a technique to control our external senses in this way. That is a Divine quality.

The Fifth Divine Quality: Charity

The fifth Divine quality is Danam or charity. Charity is a Divine quality. It is a thrill and a matter of delight to watch Bhagavan. If charity is to take a human form, if charity is to walk on two legs, you can call charity as Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba. What a wonderful charity He does, to the maximum amount possible! I am a witness to that on many occasions. While we all go in a car, followed by buses en-route to Kodaikanal, suddenly He stops His car. He sees some poor people or beggars on the way so He stops His car. He’ll call them to come close to Him and then give them whatever comes, 500 rupees or 100 rupees.

Wow! Those people do not know who Sathya Sai Baba is! They have never seen Him before. They’re simply beggars seen along the way as He goes along in the car. As other cars speed up more and more, suddenly He’ll stop His car saying, "Come along, come along." Then He gives money in charity.

Charity is a spontaneous gesture. Charity is spontaneity. You don’t plan to be charitable. You don’t plan saying, "I want to be charitable from tomorrow, the third of December." Or, "OK, in the morning let me be charitable, but by the evening I’ll be uncharitable." (Laughter) So, charity does not involve any plan. It is not a hope or anything like that. Charity happens spontaneously and instantaneously, as your heart melts in response to a touching or moving situation. Yes, then you are charitable. That is a Divine quality.

The Sixth Divine Quality: Yajna

Sixth quality is yajna, which means the sacred rituals. During Dasara, you find a yajna going on here. But Bhagavan has explained many times that yajna or sacred ritual is not a thing specially preformed during Dasara Festival. That is only symbolic. It is not possible to do that type of yajna every day: I cannot call ten priests and continue to buy tins and tins of ghee, such an enormous load of ghee. All the yajna done here at Dasara is only symbolic.

The altar at the center is the human mind and all the offerings made into that sacrificial fire are your evil qualities. Evil qualities are sacrificed into the fire. They are totally burnt. So that altar represents the human mind. Thus, burning the evil propensities and removing all bad sentiments and feelings is the real yajna, the real sacred ritual that one has to carry out from birth, from one’s beginning.

From the beginning till the end, from womb till the tomb, every activity is a yajna. Every activity is a yajna. In other words, as Bhagavan defines it, a selfless activity undertaken with a spirit of pure Love is yajna. That’s all. Whatever you do with a spirit of Love, it is a yajna. You may help a person to go to the temple. You may help a person in times of misery. You may just help him to pick up courage when he’s totally depressed. All that is yajna.

Yajna does not mean chanting of manthras or a celebration where you feed thousands of people. That is all a ritual. It is more of publicity than an act of charity. So my friends, yajna means selfless activity, backed by pure Love. That should be taken up. That is a Divine quality.

The Seventh Divine Quality: Constant Study of the Self

The seventh Divine quality is Swadhyaya. What is swadhyaya? It means ‘study the Self constantly’. That’s why Bhagavan calls it ‘CIA’. This CIA is not referring to American intelligence. No. According to Bhagavan, CIA means Constant Integrated Awareness. This is Swadhyaya. It means I should put to myself this question, "Who am I? Who am I?" all through my life, throughout all my activities.

Sage Ramana Maharshi had only this theme to convey throughout his life. What is it? Swadhyaya, the study of the Self, is the only message of Ramana Maharshi, the greatest Adwaitic (non-dual philosophy) sage of the century. He speaks of ‘Self-study’, the study of the Self. Whatever I read, I do so to know my Self. Whatever I do, I do so to know my Self, to know my true Divine nature. To discover my true identity is ‘Swa’ or Self + Adhyaya, study. So, that is a Divine quality.

No, not me. I study my body - how much weight I have put on, how many calories I should take, how much of jogging I should do, how many diet regulations I should follow. In spite of all this, death is certain. So, death is certain in spite of all care that we take. In spite of all the regulations that we observe, death is certain. This is not a threat, no! Death is the dress of life. Death is not a punishment. It is a release of the prisoner from the jail. It is a release of the bird from the cage.

A bird is within a cage. It is not permitted to fly outside in the open air. This beautiful bird is kept in a small cage and is fed with sweet fruit everyday by the queen herself. The king, going close to the cage, fondles and caresses the bird. But the bird is never happy so long as it is within its cage. When the bird is set free, it flies high across the sky. There lies true happiness.

So, death is the release of the Self out of this finite, limited body. It is to be welcomed. It is not to be condemned. It is not inauspicious. It is auspicious. So we live to die; we do not live for permanence or eternity in the body. To experience the Self, that body consciousness has to go once and for all. So, swadhyaya or the study of the Self is necessary.

The Eighth Divine Quality: Penance

The eighth Divine quality is Thapas or penance. This is a Divine quality. What is thapas? People think that it means running away from the family, staying there in the forest under a tree, partaking only the fruits that are available, and so on. Animals do the same. Most of the wild animals, lions, and tigers are there in the forest too. Well, I cannot say that these animals are sages and saints or that they have Divine qualities. So, spending a lot of time in a forest is not a Divine quality! No.

What is penance? What is thapas, according to Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba? What a ‘latest’ God He is, I tell you! I'm very fond of repeating it, though Bhagavan does not like it (I know). God cannot really be the ‘latest’ or ‘antique’. (Laughter) He’s both. He’s Nithya Nutana and Sathya Sanathana, the Eternal and the Ancient, as well as the Modern. But I'm fond of calling Him modern because I don’t think Rama ever spoke of laser sciences, heat, or generators. I don’t think Krishna ever referred to computers. So, it's all right to call Him ‘modern’ (as He speaks of these things). We are living with the contemporary, ‘modern’ God.

So what did He say regarding penance? Penance is not spending time in loneliness. It is not a life of solitude. Penance, as Bhagavan says, is purity of thought, word, and deed. Purity of thought, word, and deed is penance or thapas. It is missing in our life. What we say, we don’t do. What we do, we don’t say. We say one thing, but we do a different thing, and the thought behind these two is totally different still. So the three things, thought, word, and deed, are at variance with each other. There’s no harmony. There’s no unity of thought, word, and deed. To have that harmony of thought, word, and deed is what is called ‘thapas’ according to Bhagavan.

He is the greatest example: "Swami, You are so busy with so many guests. You are so busy with VIP’s visiting You. You are so busy with such a big, stupendous program on hand. Yet, You’re always blissful. You always smile. You’re always happy. I never saw You tired. I never saw You disgusted. I never saw You vexed. I never saw You angry. I never saw You telling anyone, ‘I'm busy, very busy, so don’t be anywhere near!’ But still You’re always blissful and You always smile. So many things You do." Bhagavan said, "I want you to be happy because I am happy always. I am happy always. Therefore I want you to be happy." What He says, He does. What He does, He declares. So this is what is called penance or thapas.

The Ninth Divine Quality: Straightforwardness

The ninth Divine quality is Arjavam. What is Arjavam? It means straightforwardness. There is nothing like having a knack or any devise there with straightforwardness. There is no manipulation, no manoeuvering, and no management available. I'll give you a few instances of straightforwardness. When Swami thinks about it and when Swami decides to correct you, He will say it openly to your face in public. Please take it from me! (Laughter) Many times I have been a poor victim of such a deal at an earlier date. He will just condemn you openly in public. There is nothing like calling you aside and correcting you. No! He doesn’t care. He’ll do the same with anybody.

There was an instance when He said right in front of a Central Cabinet Minister, "What is it you Ministers are doing, accepting and spending time in air-conditioned rooms?" Right to his face He said it. Another time, in front of a few people He said, right to the face of the renunciates (sadhus) or celibates, "What is it you are doing except eating and spending time? Are you concerned, have you any concern for the society? What are you doing?" He says it all openly. To a scholar He tells, "You read so much, doing nothing! What is this all for?" That is straightforwardness. There’s nothing whatsoever hidden or implied.

Then when somebody said, "Swami, for Your Organization we want to acquire that land." But He said, "Oh! Don’t acquire or procure any land. My land is your heart. I don’t want any temples. Your heart is My temple. A pure heart is the living temple of God. No acquisition, no procurement." Repeatedly He tells us, "Follow the rules of the government, the rules of the land. I don’t want you to disobey or transcend any law of the land." Swami insists that we should follow the rules and regulations of our land, whatever country we belong to. That is straightforwardness.

Once I said, "Swami, You have no secretary?" Naturally I was hoping for a chance that He might take me (or you) as a secretary! (Laughter) Instead of directly saying, "Swami, take me as Your secretary," I put it indirectly, "Swami, You have no secretary?" And then Bhagavan said, "I have no secretary. I don’t need any secretary because I have no secrets! (Laughter) I have no secrets, so I don’t want any secretary!" That He could say because of His quality of straightforwardness or Arjavam. Bhagavan’s life is an open book. That is a Divine quality.

The Tenth Divine Quality: Non-Violence

The tenth Divine quality is Ahimsa or non-violence. We think himsa is violence. We think violence means killing somebody. But Bhagavan’s definition of non-violence or ahimsa is typically it’s own kind. Some people look at others in such a way that they feel embarrassed. Their very looks are very embarrassing. Some people speak in such a way that we can never forgive them even for a lifetime. Their very words are so harsh. Some faces are so bad that we don’t want to look at their faces at all ever.

So, you can hurt somebody by your very face, by your looks, your thoughts, your words, or your deeds. We can harm anybody in these ways. It does not necessarily mean that only to kill somebody is violence! No. After all, the non-vegetarians seem to be better in this regard than the vegetarians. The non-vegetarians kill an animal and eat the flesh. There ends the matter. But no one wants to be close to the so-called vegetarian because of his harsh or useless words and his long, horrible frowning Shakespearean face. Well, that fellow is much worse off than the non-vegetarian!

So, not to hurt anybody by our looks or by our words is ahimsa. What a sublime definition - a definition of all times! It is not a physical definition. It is a metaphysical definition. It is not merely psychological. It is para-psychological! Whether you call it metaphysical or para-psychological, a suburb definition of ahimsa is not to hurt anybody either by words, looks, or deeds. That is ahimsa, a Divine quality.

The Eleventh Divine Quality: Truth

The eleventh Divine quality is Sathya, Truth. Truth, yes! What is Truth? We think, as Bhagavan says, that to report what you see, to tell what you hear, or to confess what you think is Truth. No! That is all only worldly truth. To say what you have heard, to declare what you have seen, or to confess what you have thought is all only worldly truth.

Science speaks of different scientific laws, discoveries, and inventions, which contradict themselves. At one time, science says one thing. Later on, science says something else because it has disproved its previous statement. In other words, what is proved now is disproved later! This is not Truth. This is a fact. Science is based on facts and figures, not on Truth. Science is after data and statistics, not Truth. So what we speak in the worldly senses is worldly truth, but not Truth in the strict sense.

Kindly follow me with regard to three things that Swami has said: one, the ocean, two, the waves, and three, the foam on the waves. Swami says that the foam on the surface is worldly truth and the waves are the superimposition, while the sea is the Truth, the eternal Truth. The sea is the eternal Truth, whereas the wave is just a superimposition on the foam of worldly truth. To quote Bhagavan, the sea is ‘Paramarthica Sathya’, the eternal Truth, whereas the wave is what we call ‘Praathibhaasica Sathya’ or superimposition. The foam is ‘Vyaavihaarica Sathya’ or the worldly truth. So we should think of ‘Paramaarthica Sathya’.

To be clearer or more emphatic, only Bhagavan should help us to understand this point. Sometimes He says you are not one, but three - the one you think you are (the body), the one others think you are (the mind), and the one you really are (the Spirit or Atma). So, the Sprit or Atma (the one you really are) is the spiritual Truth or Paramaarthica Sathya. The one others think you are (the mind) is the superimposition because you think you are the mind and you are not the body. The one you think you are is the body, Vyaavihaarica Sathya, or the physical, worldly truth. I think I'm clear. So, this is what is Sathya or Truth.

The Twelfth Divine Quality: Absence of Anger

The twelfth Divine quality is akrodha. Akrodha means the person will never be angry. ‘Krodha’ is ‘anger.’ Akrodha is ‘absence of anger’, being quite calm and composed. It seems a gang of youngsters criticized Lord Buddha. Some youngsters said, "Here is a man with a shaven head! A man who should have been a king, but left his kingdom and now is just begging along the streets!" Buddha was simply laughing, all the while smiling. The youngsters did not understand. "Are you mad or am I mad?" they thought. "When we are attacking you, why are you smiling?" And Buddha said, "By teasing me like this, you are happy. My devotees are happy by praising me. Their happiness and your happiness is my happiness," he said.

Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba at one time said, "All those who criticize Me and all those who attack Me, all those who comment negatively like this are the size of a mountain. Those who praise Me, those who sing My Glory, those who chant My Holy Name are also the size of this mountain. I am in between, blessing both of them. Akrodha is having no trace of anger, no bias, no partiality. That is a Divine quality, Akrodha.

The Thirteenth Divine Quality: Sacrifice

The thirteenth Divine quality is what we call Thyaga or sacrifice. Regarding sacrifice, Bhagavan at one time said, "I'm ready to give Myself to you. I'm ready to drop this body. I'm ready for you. I don’t have any charm in this." You know, the earlier Incarnation, Shirdi Bhagavan, left His body to save a devotee. Jesus died on the Cross for humanity. What greater sacrifice could there be than sacrificing one’s own self? Sacrificing one’s own self, sacrificing one’s life for humanity is the highest and greatest sacrifice. It is not sacrifice to donate a hundred or five hundred rupees to a charitable trust. Sacrifice is not that.

Bhagavan is always ready to sacrifice His time, His energy, and even life itself. Loka Samastha Sukhino Bhavantu. "Let the whole world be happy. Let the whole of humanity live in peace." For that only He spends all His time, energy, resources, and even His life for that matter. That’s what is called Thyaaga or sacrifice. Thyaage Naiki Amrut Tatthwam Maanusyu. It means: ‘Amrut Tatthwa’, Immortality; ‘Thyaage Naike’, sacrifice; ‘eka’, ‘the only way’ or "Sacrifice is the only way to Immortality." Na Prajayat, Dhyane Na Thyaage, Na Karmana, Na Prajayat, Dhyanena, Na Karmana. no action; Dhyanena, no money, no authority, no! "It is only sacrifice that takes you to Immortality." That is the Divine quality of Thyaaga.

The Fourteenth Divine Quality: Peace

The fourteenth Divine quality is Shanti or peace. Peace is not a conference. We know about the international peace conferences. There, at the end of an international peace conference, a resolution is passed: "Let us bomb one city or another." (Laughter) This is a peace conference! So peace conferences end up with violent resolutions! Peace is not that. Peace means equanimity. Peace means tranquility. Peace means a balanced state of mind.

How do you know? The face is the index of the mind. (Anil Kumar makes a sour face.) "I'm very peaceful, you know that?" Oh! I don’t want that peace! (Laughter) Or someone shouts at you, "Don't disturb my peace of mind!" If I disturb your peace, it is not peace. It is only pieces. Peace cannot be disturbed. If everybody disturbs you, you do not have peace at all. So my friends, peace is tranquility. Peace is samatwa or equality. Peace is samabhava or equalmindedness, meaning, that which is not disturbed. That is what is called peace.

On one occasion, three speakers gave talks preceding Bhagavan’s discourse. They went on speaking about Bhagavan, one after the other. They did a very good job. At the end, our sweet Lord stood and spoke like this: "Those who spoke earlier - don’t be carried away by what they said. They spoke all nonsense. I don’t want anybody to praise Me. I don’t want anybody to extol Me. I am not separate from you! I'm not a guest. You and I are One. You heard these people praising Me. Don’t do that."

Do you praise your father? "Father, how great you are! You have educated me!" Do you praise your mother? "Mother, how fine you are! You made nice delicious items this afternoon for lunch." Do you praise her? No! Mother feels so happy in serving. Father feels so happy in taking care of his child.

Bhagavan is God and Father. Matha Pitha Guru Daivamu, Mari Antayu Nive. He’s Mother, Father, Teacher, and God. Therefore, peace is in one who is not disturbed. It is peace that is abiding. It is not obtained by praise. Some may say, "People praise me, therefore I'm peaceful." All right, employ somebody to praise you for a particular scale of pay as a regular payment! (Laughter) So, praise or blame does not gain peace. It has got nothing to do. That is the fourteenth quality.

The Fifteenth Divine Quality: Not Spreading Rumors

The fifteenth Divine quality is Apysunam, not carrying tales or not spreading rumors. We have got regular rumor-mongers here! Immediately after any festival, the next day they start saying, "When is Swami going to Bangalore?" (Laughter) Why are you so bothered? Why do you want to send Him there when He wants to be here? It so happens that immediately the day after Purnahuti (Vijayadasami, the last day of Dasara), the very next day these people approached me, "Sir, when is Swami going to Bangalore?" How do I know? Do you think that He will give me His timetable? "Why are you bothered about His trip to Bangalore? Why don’t you enjoy Him now while He is here?" Do you see that?

There are some who love to spread rumors and tales: "I heard, Sir, that it seems so-and-so deposited a few crores in some bank. What is the name of that bank?" Do you want to deposit a few crores? Why are you interested? Why are you talking like this? See, that is the spreading of stories! A devotee will never spread rumors like that. This is called Apysunam. A devotee will never find fault with others either, no!

That is a Divine quality, Apysunam. If anyone goes to Swami and says, "Swami, so-and-so is like that," He will respond, "Hey, keep quiet! Why do you speak like that? What about you? You are equally bad!" or "You are even much worse - you are much worse than the fellow about whom you are speaking!" He will never allow anybody to speak ill of anyone else. You have to improve yourself, which is self-improvement. Never condemn others. No, no, no, no! Have the Divine quality of Apysunam.

The 16th, 17th and 18th Divine Qualities

Next comes the sixteenth quality, Daya Bhutesh, which is kindness and compassion. Bhagavan says, "The one with kindness belongs to mankind. If he’s not kind, he’s not a member of mankind." Then He also says about compassion, "Compassion has become a matter of fashion today. Fashion is different from compassion." Any number of things can be said about that.

Then the seventeenth quality is Alolathwam. Alolathwam means non-indulgence or controlling the desire for sensual pleasure, or giving up sensual pleasure altogether.

The eighteenth quality is Mardhavan, the quality of gentleness in word and deed: gentle talk, which is soft and sweet. What a beautiful musical voice Swami has! When He says, "When did you come? Where do you come from? How are you?" what a beautiful voice it is! Whereas when people ask you, "Where did you come from?" (Anil Kumar pronounces with a dull and uninterested voice) (Laughter), we can tell that both of us come from the same hell! Do you understand? (Laughter) We don’t feel like speaking anything when someone speaks harshly, "When did you come?" He asks as though I'm going to rob him or try to share his property!

When Bhagavan comes close to you and says, "When did you come? How are you?" at that moment He makes us feel how life has got to be cherished for the rest of our life. The question goes deeply into our heart. His concern and His caring make us dance in joy! That very questioning, that very inquiry, is Divine inquiry, full of Love and full of caring. That is a Divine quality. That is what is called Mardhavan.

The 19th, 20th and 21st Divine Qualities

The nineteenth Divine quality is Hree. Hrihe means that one should be ashamed of lies. One should be ashamed of the harm that one does unto others. If you do any harm to others, you should feel ashamed of yourself. When you speak untruth, you should feel ashamed of yourself. You should never feel proud of it. Politicians are capable of feeling proud of their lies because by speaking lies they only become Ministers. That is the only way. That is the royal way to them. But a devotee will feel so badly when he has to utter a lie, or when he has to do something negative unto others. That is Hree.

The twentieth Divine quality is Achapalam. Chapala means wavering. So Achapalam is not wavering, steadiness, steady mind, concentrated mind.

Then the twenty-first quality is theja. Theja means radiance or brilliance. We should have at least a smiling face. The face should have a glowing attraction. When you smile, I should feel like looking at you. When you laugh, I should want to see you laughing. When Swami smiles, what a bewitching smile! What a catchy, mischievous smile He has! (Laughter) Yes, the beautiful smile of Bhagavan is a sight for the gods to watch! So that is what we call teja or brilliance, a face with that brilliance.

The 22nd, 23rd and 24th Divine Qualities

The twenty-second Divine quality is dhruthi. Dhruthi means ‘firm decision’. Bhagavan said the other day, "I'm like butter: I melt easily. But in respect to principles, I'm stronger than a diamond; I’m so harsh in respect to principles. But in response to prayers of devotees, I'm like butter. I melt. That is Dhruthi."

The twenty-third Divine quality is sowcham, which means external and internal purity. "Cleanliness is next to godliness." How clean He is! Bhagavan doesn’t want any one of us to be shabby or dirty. Some people who have a long beard and long hair think that they are spiritual. No, no, no, no, no! Hair has got nothing to do with the spirituality! (Laughter) If hair equals spirituality, a bear in the forest is full of hair! So this bear should find entry into Heaven in the first instance itself! (Laughter) No, if a mustache is a sign of spirituality, the cockroach has got a bigger mustache than all of you can think of! (Laughter) So, long hair or mustache has nothing to do with that. Therefore, Sowcham is cleanliness.

And then comes Adroha, the twenty-fourth Divine quality. Adroha means ‘abandoning hatred or betrayal’. This means you don’t harm anyone. Swami said in His discourses, "People may criticize Me. I don’t criticize anybody. People may hate Me. I don’t hate anybody. I still continue to love them." This is adroha, trying to help those who harm you.

Bhagavan gives an example of a sandal tree. Take an axe and cut across the tree. The tree continues to remain fragrant. The sandal tree will continue to pass on its sweet smell, its good fragrance and aroma, though an axe cuts across it. So noble people have this quality of adroha: They don’t harm anybody.

The 25th Divine Quality: Not Proud

The twenty-fifth quality of the Divine is Nathimanitha, which means ‘not proud of his own self’. Bhagavan will never say, "Worship Me alone. Sing My glory alone." No, no. I do not know how many of you are aware of this fact. So I shall mention it. When students do not sing a Sarva Dharma bhajan (a bhajan prayer including all names of all religions, i.e. Allah, Jesus, Guru Nanak, Zorastra, Buddha) that bhajan group is finished for the day. Yes, you can forget about it. Bhagavan is very serious about it. You should sing the name of every god (or prophet or guru) of every religion each bhajan session.

Why? "All religions are Mine. All forms are Mine. All Names are Mine." So that kind of identity Bhagavan has. "You may sing the Name of any God. He and I are One." Jesus, yes! Allah, why not? So the Sarva Dharma bhajan is insisted upon. That is what is called Nathimanitha or not insisting of His own self being adored and worshipped.

So, be Divine with the twenty-five qualities. Be Divine with all the Divine qualities. Don’t be demonic with the six bad qualities. Don’t be demonic. So a second title to this morning’s topic is, "Be Divine and Don’t Be Demonic."

The 1st, 2nd and 3rd Demonic Qualities

First is Damba, which means ‘publicity’. Some people say, "Tomorrow, Sir, there is one function in our Samathi at 8 o’clock. We are distributing clothes to poor people. We invited press people also there. Please attend." Whom do you want to impress? Press or impress? No, we don’t want it. Suppress that. Suppress the press. Don’t try to impress anybody.

Whatever Bhagavan does well has got nothing to do with publicity. My friends, what work is going on! Can you imagine? Can you imagine its dimensions? Do you find any work parallel to this? Do you find thousands of people being treated free of cost anywhere else? Can you ever imagine thousands of students being educated year after year, free of cost? Can you imagine a housing colony coming up, free of cost? Do you find it mentioned any place in the press? Do you find any broadcast about it? Do you find any telecast regarding this? Do you find any newspapers coming with special publication or articles about these activities? No, no, no! Why?

God is not for publicity. God has given us this beautiful wind without doing any publicity about it. God has given us sunlight, again without doing any publicity. God has given fire also with no publicity. God is free! Our Creator is free and the Creation is free. Only man is for publicity because he’s so mean. So, this damba is a demonic quality. The one who declares, "You know what we have done?" beware! There lurks demon number one!

Next is darpa. Darpa means ‘ego’ or ‘self-importance’. "You know who I am?" It seems Seva Dal people stopped some gentleman the other day. He’s a senior man whom I know. He held a very high position earlier. The Seva Dal people, because they change from month to month, may not know that he’s such a V.V.V.V.V.I.P! (Laughter)

They stopped this gentleman. "Sir, please stop." He said, "Do you know who I am?" Ah, so what? We can see that you are six feet tall. We have got a weighing scale if you want to know further. That Seva man said, "Sir, I never met you before." Our VIP responded, "Oh! So this is the first time you are coming to Puttaparthi?"

I felt ashamed of that VIP man. If you need to introduce yourself, what sort of a person are you anyway? If you have to introduce yourself as so-and-so, you are nobody. People should already know if you’re really worth anything. In fact, after all they don’t need to know who are you. I am nobody. People are here only to know Bhagavan, not to know you or me. If Bhagavan is known, yes, He’s the ONLY VIP. We are Very Insignificant Persons, not Very Important Persons. Please know Bhagavan, and nobody else.

Somebody was asking, "Sir, who is that man who was called just now for interview?" Why are you interested if he’s called? You are not called. That much is certain. Why should I know who is called? Why all of this? I was really vexed with that question when somebody said, "Sir, who is he, who is he?" I said, "Sir, Swami wants me to know who I am! Why should we ask, ‘Who is he?’ Please leave me alone!" (Laughter) So, darpa or ego is just like that. But why all that? It is not at all necessary.

Next is Krodha or anger. "You know daily I sit here in this spot! You know that seat should be left vacant for me!" (Laughter) "Oh, I see! And after you go? So many sat there before you came here!" So krodha or anger means any unnecessary disturbance. When Swami is talking to you, this person puts his face across in the way so that Swami cannot see you. When you are just trying to hand over your letter, he’ll push you back! Wow! He’s full of anger and restlessness, such demonic qualities. We too have all of them. We may have one of the Divine qualities. But, to be honest, we also have all of the demonic qualities! (Laughter)

The 4th, 5th and 6th Demonic Qualities

Then the next one is Parushyam. Parushyam means harshness or being very harsh. Say someone new asks, "Sir, what are the timings at the canteen?" The response comes harshly back: "Don’t you know? Hm-mm!" That’s not an answer! Or "Sir, what is the way to the stores?" The harsh response: "You go and find out for yourself!" Oh! This is a demon number one, Dr. Demon, with a Ph.D. in demonic qualities. (Laughter) We can give him a Ph.D. in harshness. But Bhagavan always advises, "Speak softly. Speak sweetly." If we cannot speak sweetly and softly, can we call ourselves devotees? No!

In fact, in one public meeting Swami said, "Some people react like Alsatian dogs." (Laughter) Are you are an Alsatian? You can talk sweetly, nicely, and in a gentle way, after all! So, harshness or Parushyam is a demonic quality.

Ajnanam or ignorance is next. "I'm permanent here. My post is permanent. I am everything." Oh, OK! You can continue to talk like that about your permanence until you are no more! (Laughter) So, that is ajnana or the ignorance of considering oneself to be permanent.

Then there is Abhimanascha, which means ‘attachment’ or ‘possessiveness’, a demonic quality. "My people, My family, My brothers, My brothers-in-law." Oh! This kind of attachment, this kind of possessiveness, this kind of self-glorification or self-claim, this kind of self-esteem, they are all the by-products of abhimanyascha.

So these are the demonic qualities. To conclude this morning’s talk:

"Be and Don’t Be"! Be Divine; don’t be a demon!

Thank you very much!

Om Asato Maa Sad Gamaya
Tamaso Maa Jyotir Gamaya
Mrtyormaa Amrtam Gamaya

Om Loka Samastha Sukhino Bhavantu
Loka Samastha Sukhino Bhavantu
Loka Samasha Sukhino Bhavantu

Om Shanti Shanti Shanti

Sai Ram,

Thank You!

Jai Bolo Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba Ji Ki Jai!

© Anil Kumar Kamaraju 2004 - Here reproduced for personal use of the devotees for the purpose of seva.
Anil Kumar website: http://www.internety.com/anilkhome/ - http://www.internety.com/saipearls/


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